Turkey AH1255(21) 40 para
This specimen is from a series struck in Istanbul during the reign of Sultan Abdul Mejid (r. 1839-61). Ottoman coins were dated using regnal years; the reverse bears the date AH 1255 (= 1839 A.D.) while the obverse bears the regnal year 21 (AH 1275 = August 1858-July 1859). The Hejira calendar uses a lunar year instead of a solar year, so its starting date moves from year to year. This type was issued AH 1271-1277 (1854-60) and, despite the large mintage, is not at all common in nice condition. The copper forty para (= one kurush) was abandoned after this issue. When the forty para was revived in 1910, it was a nickel coin.
Recorded mintage: 9,300,000.
Catalog reference: KM 670.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 9th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.