Spain 1590-S D 4 escudos

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Heritage sale 3019, lot 25572
Spain 1590 4 escudos rev Heritage 3019-25572.jpg

This specimen was lot 25572 in Heritage sale 3019 (Chicago, April 2012), where it sold for $3,737.50. The catalog description[1] noted, "Felipe II gold Cob 4 Escudos 1590-D Seville, AU55 NGC, a choice example with bold four digit date, mintmark, assayer and denomination. Very scarce with such a complete strike." The 1590's were a period of transition at the Spanish mints as milling machinery was introduced. This specimen is of the older cob style.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 13.53 g, .931 fine gold.

Catalog reference: Fr-158, Cayón-4153.


  • Cayón, Adolfo, Clemente Cayón and Juan Cayón, Las Monedas Españolas, del Tremis al Euro: del 411 a Nuestros Dias, 2 volumes, Madrid: Cayón-Jano S.L., 2005.
  • Calicó, Xavier, Numismática Española: Catálogo General con Precios de Todas las Monedas Españolas Acuñadas desde Los Reyes Católicos Hasta Juan Carlos I, 1474 a 2001, Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 2008.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 9th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2017.
  • Krause, Chester L., and Colin R. Bruce II, Standard Catalog of World Coins: Spain, Portugal and the New World, Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2002.
  • [1]Tucker, Warren, and Cristiano Bierrenbach, World and Ancient Coins sale 3019, Dallas: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2012.

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