Sculptors Engravers of the United States Mint
Please note: The original intent of this page was to list Sculptors and Engravers of the United States Mint. Artists and Designers who have had a strong influence on the final design of a coin, have also been added here. Before you change this page, take into consideration that all of the parties below have been interlinked to the coin they participated in designing. Any change in the format of the page or renaming it may effect the links that were established to give additional information on these parties. Sorry for lacking the foresight to provide a better name for this page. 2old 13:41, 17 July 2009 (UTC)
- 1 Robert I. Aitken
- 2 Victor David Brenner
- 3 Chester Beach
- 4 Ed Dwight
- 5 Edward Everett Burr
- 6 Cyrus E. Dallin
- 7 Don Everhart
- 8 T. James Ferrell
- 9 James Earle Fraser
- 10 Anthony de Francisci
- 11 Juliette May Fraser
- 12 Susan Gamble
- 13 Laura Gardin Fraser
- 14 Phebe Hemphill
- 15 Robert Ball Hughes
- 16 Charles Keck
- 17 Joel Iskowitz
- 18 Henry Kreis
- 19 Gertrude K. Lathrop
- 20 Justin Kunz
- 21 Jim Licaretz
- 22 Augustus Lukeman
- 23 Hermon Atkins MacNeil
- 24 Richard Masters
- 25 Joseph Menna
- 26 Jo Mora
- 27 Norman E. Nemeth
- 28 Brenda Putnam
- 29 Anthony C. Paquet
- 30 Bela Lyon Pratt
- 31 John Reich
- 32 Trygve Rovelstad
- 33 Augustus Saint-Gaudens
- 34 William Marks Simpson
- 35 Hans Schuler
- 36 Carl Ludwig Schmitz
- 37 Charles L. Vickers
- 38 Donna Weaver
- 39 Frank Vittor
- 40 Adolph A. Weinman
- 41 Sherl Joseph Winter
Robert I. Aitken
(1878-1949) Robert I. Aitken, a New York artist, designed the octagonal and round 1915-S Panama-Pacific International Exposition $50 pieces, both of which have the same design, except that unlike the round issue, the octagonal coins display dolphins in the angles on the obverse and reverse between the inscription and the points of the border.
Victor David Brenner
Victor David Brenner (June 12, 1871 – April 5, 1924)
Brenner was born to Jewish parents in Siauliai, Lithuania. He emigrated to the United States in 1890, living mostly in the New York area. When Brenner arrived in America, he had little more to fall back upon than the muscle and brawn of youth, his industry, and the well-learned trade taught him by his father — gem and seal engraving. This was an excellent technical preparation for his present skill with the tools of the sculptor's craft. He studied art at Cooper Union in the night classes there. Brenner soon mastered English as he had mastered French.
Eight years later Brenner was in Paris, studying with the great French medalist, Oscar Roty at the Académie Julian. There he exhibited his own work and he obtained awards at the Paris Exposition of 1900. Eventually, he returned to the United States, and from that time on, his career was a series of successes, and he appeared to be on his way to the fulfilment of the splendid predictions made for his future by Rodin.
Brenner died in 1924 and is buried at Mount Judah Cemetery, Ridgewood, Queens County, New York.
born San Francisco, CA 1881 -- died Brewster, NY 1956)
Chester Beach worked in New York, Paris, and San Francisco, and his marble sculpture The Unveiling of the Dawn appeared in New York’s groundbreaking Armory Show in 1913. Beach designed coins and created sculptures in bronze and marble. He also taught sculpture at the Richmond Hill Settlement House in Queens, New York, from 1910 to 1922.
Image Credits: Courtesy Juley Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
The reverse of the 1998-S $1 Crispus Attucks was designed by Sculptor-Engraver Ed Dwight.
Ed Dwight has been an artist since his youth. He is also a graduate engineer, a former USAF Test pilot and America's first Black Astronaut trainee. After a successful career as an Air Force Officer and pilot, real estate and construction entrepreneur, Ed has dedicated the last 20 years solely to his art endeavors.
While in the Masters of Fine Arts (MFA) Program at the University of Denver, Ed was commissioned by the State of Colorado Centennial Commission to create a series of bronzes depicting the contribution of Blacks to the American Frontier West. The series of thirty bronzes was on exhibit for several years throughout the United States, and gained widespread acceptance and critical acclaim. In 1979, while the series was on exhibit at the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (National Park Service), Ed was encouraged to create a bronze series portraying the history and historical roots of Jazz. The series created, titled "JAZZ: An American Art Form," now consists of over seventy bronzes characterizing the creation and evolution of Jazz from its African and European roots to the fusions of contemporary music currently. The first large-scale commissioned work was the abolitionist Frederick Douglass in 1978. This life-sized monument was commissioned by the National Park Service, and is on display in Anacostia, Maryland. Since this commission, Ed has completed over 60 large scale commissioned installations throughout the U.S. Ed has created over 6,000 other sculptures and is represented in over twenty-five galleries throughout the United States, including Hawaii.
Recently, Ed was commissioned to create the largest memorial to African Americans in history. The 90 ft. long Black Patriots Memorial will be installed on the National Mall between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument.
Ed's sculptures are rigorously collected by museums, institutions and art appreciators throughout the world.
Edward Everett Burr
Burr was born in Ohio January 18, 1895. His family later moved to Paragould (Greene County), Arkansas, probably shortly before the turn of the century. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, where some of his work (probably sculpture) was exhibited in the 1920s and 1930s. He remained in Chicago the rest of his life, working as a successful commercial artist. He was also noted for sculpture, serious painting, and architectural rendering, and is perhaps best remembered for designing the Arkansas centennial half-dollar in 1936.
Cyrus E. Dallin
Cyrus Dallin was born in Springville, Utah, in 1861. He was a sculptor that worked with clay. In 1943, at the age of 82, the artist died at his home in Arlington Heights, Massachusetts.
A the age of eighteen, Dallin went to Boston to begin his art studies. In 1888, he went to Paris, where he remained until 1890, studying at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and at Academie Julien under Henri Chapu. He returned to America in 1890 and moved to Massachusetts. Dallin came back to Utah every now and then, as he did for the unveiling of his Moroni atop the Salt Lake Temple in 1892-93.
Dalin won a gold medal at the 1904 St. Louis Exposition for Sioux Chief, and at about the same time designed the model for a large Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors Monument , which won first prize in a 1906 competition. Another major Dallin work that he had started in the late teens and completed in 1921, is Massasoit, which overlooks Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. Another casting of the figure stands in front of the Utah State Capitol Building.
Biography adapted from Springville Museum of Art.
Don Everhart became a member of the United States Mint team of sculptor-engravers in January 2004. Born in York, Pennsylvania, he earned a B.F.A. in painting from Kutztown State University in 1972. The following year Mr. Everhart joined the Franklin Mint as a designer and attained the position of staff sculptor, which he held for five years.
In March 1980, Mr. Everhart left the Franklin Mint to pursue a freelance career. During this period, his projects included work with figurines, plates, coins and medals. His clientele included prominent companies such as Walt Disney Co. and Tiffany, as well as the Royal Norwegian and British Royal Mints. Mr. Everhart has received numerous commissions, most notably Georgetown University’s Sports Hall of Fame, a 24-piece bronze installation.
Mr. Everhart’s work has been exhibited internationally and is included in several permanent collections, including the Smithsonian Institution, The British Museum, The American Numismatic Society and the National Sculpture Society. He has received the prestigious American Numismatic Association’s Sculptor of the Year Award in 1994. In 1997, his submission was chosen as the Official Inaugural Medal for President Clinton’s second term.
Mr. Everhart is a past President of the American Medallic Sculpture Association (1993-1994) and is a sculptor member of the National Sculpture Society.
Representative Coin Sculpting Credits
- PCGS 21009 - 2006-P $1 Franklin-Founding Father
- PCGS 147439 - 2007-P $1 Jamestown
- PCGS 407351 - 2009-P $1 Abraham Lincoln, DC
- 2008 Bald Eagle $1 Silver obverse (sculpt)
- 2008 New Mexico State Quarter reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2008 Hawaii State Quarter reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2008 First Spouse Andrew Jackson reverse (sculpt)
- 2008 First Spouse Elizabeth Monroe obverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Little Rock reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 First Spouse Dolley Madison reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 James Madison Presidential Dollar obverse (sculpt)
- 2007 First Spouse Dolley Madison obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 Montana State Quarter reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Idaho State Quarter reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Jamestown Silver Dollar obverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Presidential Dollar common reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 First Spouse Martha Washington reverse (sculpt)
- 2006 San Francisco Mint Silver obverse (sculpt)
- 2006 San Francisco Mint Gold reverse (sculpt)
- 2006 Platinum reverse (sculpt)
- 2006 Franklin the Elder Silver Dollar obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 Nevada State Quarter reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2005 Nickel obverse (sculpt)
- 2005 California State Quarter reverse (sculpt)
Representative Medal Sculpting Credits
- 206 Norman Borlaug Congressional Gold Medal reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 John Snow Medal reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 Dalai Lama Congressional Gold Medal obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 Byron Nelson Congressional Gold Medal reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 Tuskegee Airmen Congressional Gold Medal reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 Martin and Coretta King Congressional Medal obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2003 Jackie Robinson Congressional Medal reverse (sculpt)
Representative Non- United States Mint Coins/Medals Executed
- Franklin Mint Calendar Medals (years 2000-2004 and 1996-1997, 1976)
- 2002 Georgetown University Life Size Bronze Bulldog Mascot
- 2000 American Numismatic Association Los Angeles Convention Medal
- 1999 Georgetown University Front Gate Relief Seals
- 1999 Da Vinci Horse Medal
- 1998 Pennsylvania Watercolor Society "Sylvan Grouse Award" Achievement Medal
- 1997 Philadelphia Watercolor Society "Crest" Achievement Medal
- 1994 - Sculptor of the Year, American Numismatic Association
- 1994 – Best in Show in American Medallic Sculpture/ Franklin Mint "The New Medal" Show
- 1985 – 1st Prize, National Sculpture Society, Reliefs and Medals Exhibition
Source: U.S. Mint
T. James Ferrell
Born in Clayton, New Jersey in 1939, James Ferrell graduated from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied painting, sculpture and graphics.
After leaving art school in 1963, he joined the staff of the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, where he worked as an artist for six years. In the decade that followed his graduation, he also served as monitor of the Professional Artists' Graphics Workshop at the academy.
Mr. Ferrell went on to study art at the Barnes Foundation on Merion, Pennsylvania for two years and is a recipient of the Cresson European traveling scholarship. He has won the Charles Toppan Prize for oil painting, and for four consecutive years won the Lux and the Woodrow prizes in printmaking. Since 1964, many institutions and galleries have exhibited his work.
In 1969 Mr. Ferrell joined the staff of medallic artists at the newly founded Franklin Mint, producing coins (of foreign countries) and medals under the supervision of Gilroy Roberts, former Chief Engraver at the United States Mint. While he joined the management team five years later, he continued to work with artistic concepts in the sculpture and design of hundreds of medals. In his twenty years at the Franklin Mint, his creations included: the 1975 100 balboa gold coin of Panama, the 1975 150 balboa platinum coin of Panama, the 1976 100 dollar gold coin and the 25 piso coins of the Philippines, the 1986, 1988, and 1989 $100 gold coins of Egypt (the 1989 coin was selected as Coin of the Year in the annual Krause Publications competition of new designs), and numerous presidential and other portraits on medals.
In August 1989, Mr. Ferrell brought his expertise and technical knowledge of coin and medal modeling to the engraving staff of the United States Mint in Philadelphia. His recent work on congressional gold medals includes those honoring Ruth and Billy Graham, Mother Teresa, Nelson Mandela and John Paul II. Mr. Ferrell also executed the reverse of the 1999 Georgia, 1999 Connecticut, 2001 Vermont, and 2001 Kentucky commemorative quarters.
Representative Coin Sculpting Credits
- 2002-W $1 West Point obverse
- 2003 $1 First Flight - obverse
- 1991 Mount Rushmore Commemorative Half Dollar - reverse
- 1991 Korean War Memorial Commemorative Silver Dollar - reverse
- 1992 Olympic Commemorative $5 Gold - obverse and reverse
- 1992 Christopher Columbus Quincentennial Commemorative Half Dollar - obverse and reverse
- 1992 Christopher Columbus Quincentennial Commemorative $5 Gold - obverse
- 1993 Bill of Rights Commemorative Silver Half Dollar - obverse
- 1993 Thomas Jefferson 250th Anniversary Commemorative Silver Dollar - obverse and reverse
- 1993 World War II 50th Anniversary Commemorative Half Dollar - obverse and reverse
- 1993 World War II 50th Anniversary Commemorative Five Dollar Gold - obverse and reverse
- 1994 Women in Military Service Silver Dollar - obverse
- 1994 World Cup Soccer Commemorative Silver Dollar Coin - obverse and reverse
- 1995 Civil War Battlefields Clad Half Dollar - reverse
- 1995 Special Olympics World Games Silver Dollar - obverse
- 1995 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. Basketball Clad Half Dollar - reverse
- 1995 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. Baseball Clad Half Dollar - reverse
- 1995 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. One Dollar - reverse
- 1995 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. Rowing Half Dollar - reverse
- 1995 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. Tennis Half Dollar - reverse
- 1996 Centennial Olympic Commemorative. Cauldron Commemorative Gold $5 - obverse
- 1996 Smithsonian Institution 150th Anniversary Gold $5 - reverse
- 1997 Jackie Robinson 50th Anniversary Silver Dollar - reverse
- 1997 Franklin D. Roosevelt Memorial Gold $5 - obverse
- 1999 Georgia commemorative state quarter - reverse
- 1999 Connecticut commemorative state quarter - reverse
- 2001 Vermont commemorative state quarter - reverse
- 2001 Kentucky commemorative state quarter - reverse
- 2001 American Buffalo Commemorative Silver Dollar - adaptation from original artwork for the obverse
- 2002 U.S. Military Academy Bicentennial Commemorative Coin Silver Dollar - obverse
Representative Medal Sculpting Credits
- Ruth and Billy Graham - obverse and reverse
- Mother Teresa - obverse
- Nelson Mandela - obverse
- John Paul II - obverse
- General Matthew Ridgeway - obverse
- Navajo Code Talkers Medal - reverse
Source: U.S. Mint
James Earle Fraser
Birth: Nov. 4, 1876, Winona, Winona County, Minnesota, USA
Death: Oct. 11, 1953, Westport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA
Sculptor. He began carving figures from pieces of limestone at age 14 and went on to become one of American's most noted sculptors and designers. In the early years of the 20th Century his realistic style changed architectural sculpture world wide. He designed the Indian head buffalo nickel in 1913, which has been called the first uniquely American coin. He also designed the Navy Cross and World War I victory medals. In 1919, he received the most prestigious Saltus Medal art award. From 1920 to 1925, he served on the National Arts Commission, and played a key role in promoting American interest in public art. One of his best known works, "The End of the Trail" a sleeping Indian on horseback, is one the most reproduced and copied art pieces of all time. Among his many statues and monuments are, General George S. Patton, U.S. Military Academy, Thomas Jefferson Memorial, State Capitol, Abraham Lincoln, New Jersey, Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, Philadelphia and the Supreme Court Building, Washington D.C., to name a few. He received the Century Association Medal of Honor and the National Sculpture Society Medal of Honor in 1952. (bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith)
- PCGS 3919 - Buffalo Nickel, FIVE CENTS In Recess (1913-1938)
- PCGS 9793 - 2001-D $1 Buffalo
- PCGS 9378 - 1925 50C Stone Mountain
Anthony de Francisci
Anthony de Francisci (pronounced "franchee-shee") was born on July 13, 1887 in Italy. He came to the United States in 1903 and was naturalized in 1913. He studied at Cooper Union and James Earle Fraser was his teacher at the Art Students' League. Later, he worked as an assistant to several sculptors, including Hermon A. MacNeil and A. A. Weinman. In 1915, Columbia University hired him as an instructor. He opened his own studio in 1917.
De Francisci created the Maine Centennial half dollar in 1920 and the obverse of the Peace Dollar in 1921. His other numismatic works were medals, mostly for the US military. Among them were the Reserve Officers Training Corps, the Naval Defense Button, and the Badge of Service.
The Badge of Service was a gold-plated brass emblem, the result of General Orders No. 13, June 2, 1925. Any veteran with an honorable discharge could wear the Badge of Service. In 1943, the design was modified slightly and the general orders allowed it to be worn by any veteran of World War II. To millions of men and women, it was known as "The Ruptured Duck", the same name given to Capt. Ted Lawson's B-25 bomber. The cause of this coincidence is not known. This same design also served as the lapel decoration for the World War II Victory Medal.
De Francisci created the Congressional medal awarded to Gen. John J. Pershing, commander of the American forces in World War I. The American Institute of Mining Engineers commissioned the sculptor for the medal they awarded to Herbert Hoover, who began his professional life as an engineer. In 1944, De Francisci assisted Max Kalish in creating a series of sculptures of the Roosevelt Cabinet.
The National Museum of American Art in Virginia has a dozen of his works on display. Several more can be found at Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina. De Francisci's most public sculpture is the Independence Flagstaff at Union Square in New York City. De Francisci's design shows allegorical figures of Good and Evil during the struggle for independence.
Juliette May Fraser
Juliette May Fraser (1887, Honolulu – 1983, Honolulu) was an American painter, muralist and printmaker. She was born in Honolulu in 1887. After graduating from Wellesley College with a degree in art, she returned to Hawaii for several years. She continued her studies with Eugene Speicher and Frank Du Mond at the Art Students League of New York and at the John F. Carlson School of Landscape Painting in Woodstock, New York. She returned to Hawaii to teach, like her parents who had both come to Hawaii as educators. In 1934, during the Great Depression, Fraser was invited to create a work of art for the Hawaii State Library by the Works Progress Administration. For three months she received $35 a week to work on the project. When the funds ran out, she continued on her own until ten murals were completed. Fraser also painted murals for the 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition and the Ipapandi Chapel on Chios Island in Greece. She died in Honolulu in 1983.
The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, the Hawaii State Art Museum, the Hawaii State Library, the Honolulu Academy of Arts, the Library of Congress (Washington, D. C.), the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (Kansas City, Missouri) and the University of Hawaii at Manoa are among the public collections holding works by Juliette May Fraser.
Susan Gamble is a graduate of the Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts and has over 20 years of experience as a graphic designer and illustrator. She has worked in graphic design, illustration (both traditional and digital), web design, and animation. Her design work includes posters, product labels, brochures, national magazines, logos and advertising art. Her illustrations and animations are featured in books, pilot training courseware and websites. Susan Gamble's career has placed her work in cities all across the United States. Much of her work has been done for foundations that exist to preserve America's history and its natural beauty. Special projects have included portraits of President Ronald Reagan, President George H.W. Bush, Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, and Adm. William J. Crowe, Jr. for a book about the U.S. Navy Memorial. Ms. Gamble recently had the honor of rendering the design for the new Air Force Combat Action Medal for the United States Air Force.
2008 First Spouse Louisa Adams obverse
2008 Bald Eagle Commemorative gold obverse
2008 Bald Eagle Commemorative clad obverse
2008 Oklahoma Quarter reverse
2008 Alaska Quarter reverse
2007 First Spouse Martha Washington reverse
2007 Washington Quarter reverse
2007 Jamestown Commemorative gold reverse
Laura Gardin Fraser
Laura Gardin Fraser (1889-1966)
- Philippines 1947-S 50 centavos "MacArthur"
Phebe Hemphill is a graduate of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and studied for 3 years with EvAngelos Frudakis in Philadelphia. In 1987 she joined the sculpture department at the Franklin Mint and for the next 15 years worked on many projects for the porcelain and medallics departments.
As a freelance sculptor, Ms. Hemphill worked for many companies that produce figurines, medallions, dolls, toys and garden ornaments. For 3 years she was a staff sculptor for McFarlane Toys in Bloomingdale, NJ. Ms. Hemphill joined the United States Mint team of Sculptor-Engravers in 2006.
Ms. Hemphill has exhibited her sculpture with the National Sculpture Society, American Medallic Sculpture Association, West Chester University, and the FAN Gallery in Philadelphia.
Representative Coin Sculpting Credits
- PCGS 408825 - 2009-P $1 Louis Braile
- PCGS 407351 - 2009-P $1 Abraham Lincoln, DC
- 2007 First Spouse Abigail Adams reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 First Spouse Thomas Jefferson's Liberty reverse (resculpt)
- 2001 Renaissance Sculpture Award from the Franklin Mint
- 2000 Alex J. Ettel Grant from the National Sculpture Society
Source: U.S. Mint
Robert Ball Hughes
- PCGS 6925 - Liberty Seated Dollar, No Motto (1840-1865)
- PCGS 6958 - Liberty Seated Dollar, With Motto (1866-1873)
Charles Keck (September 9, 1875 – April 23, 1951) was an American sculptor, born in New York City. He studied in the National Academy of Design and Art Students League with Philip Martiny and was an assistant to Augustus Saint-Gaudens from 1893 to 1898. He also attended the American Academy in Rome. He designed the 1915-S G$1 Panama-Pacific.
Joel Iskowitz has created artwork for three decades that has graced the covers of books, periodicals, journals, public spaces, coins and postage stamps worldwide. He is also an active United States Air Force (USAF) artist and has a number of oils in the USAF permanent collection. Mr. Iskowitz has been invited twice to document Space Shuttle missions and his artwork is on permanent display at the NASA Kennedy Space Center Museum. Mr. Iskowitz's work has been featured in many international journals; including profiles of his numismatic and philatelic art in CoinAGE Magazine; Watercolor Magazine and American Artist Magazine; and his murals have been featured in Exhibit Builder Magazine. He has been awarded both bronze and silver medals for his corporate illustrations and grand-scale public art in Portfolios.com international competitions. Mr. Iskowitz has also received the National Oceanic and Philatellic Society citation for his contributions to Space Philately.
2008 American Eagle Platinum reverse
2008 Presidential $1 Andrew Jackson obverse
2008 Presidential $1 Martin Van Buren obverse
2008 First Spouse Elizabeth Monroe obverse
2008 Arizona Quarter reverse
2007 First Spouse Dolley Madison reverse
2007 Presidential $1 John Adams obverse
2007 Presidential $1 James Madison obverse
2006 American Eagle Platinum (Legislative Branch) reverse
(1899-1963) was born in Essen, Germany. He was apprenticed to a stone carver after leaving high school, where he learned the principles of three dimensional design. After service in the German army during World War I, he studied art at the State School of Applied Arts in Munich. Kreis came to the United States in 1922 where he first earned his living as a stone cutter; he studied at the Beaux Arts Institute of Design, and later with Paul Manship with whom he developed a lifelong friendship. During the Great Depression he participated in the Works Progress Administration and worked with Mr. Manship in creating the "Prometheus" figure in Rockefeller Center. Mr. Kreis's work is on display in the "Birth of A Nation" monument in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, on the Bronx Post Office and the Supreme Court building in Brooklyn. Subsequent to World War II, Mr. Kreis created an eleven foot high figure titled "Honor" at the entrance of the North Africa Military Cemetery at Carthage, the War Memorial at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, the Fort Moore Pioneer Memorial in Los Angeles. Kreis was a member of the National Sculpture Society, Architectural League of New York and the Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts and became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1951. He received a number of prizes for his work and exhibited at the National Sculpture Society; Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts Architectural League; Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts; Whitney Museum of American Art (which has his work in its permanent collection); National Academy of Design; and the Art Institute of Chicago. His sculptures are on view on public and private buildings in Washington, D.C., Erie, Pennsylvania, and Nyack, New York. Kreis' interest in the design of coins and medals won him the Saltus Medal from the American Numismatic Society. Among the medals Kreis designed are those commemorating the Connecticut Tercentenary and the New York Worlds Fair, as well as coins for the United States. For a number of years, Kreis was on the faculty at the Hartford Art School. His work is also in a number of private collections.
Gertrude K. Lathrop
Born: Albany, New York 1896
Born in Albany, New York, Gertrude Lathrop came from a family of women artists with whom she shared a studio at home. Her mother, Ida, was a painter of landscape and still life, and her sister Dorothy was primarily a writer and illustrator of children's books. Gertrude Lathrop studied with Gutzon Borglum at the Art Students League in New York City in 1918 and at his School of American Sculpture from 1920 to 1921. She spent the summer of 1924 in Gloucester, Massachusetts, studying with Charles Grafly. Lathrop had her first exhibition at the National Academy of Design in 1921, and in the following years her work was included in many shows of the National Sculpture Society. Although she modeled portraits and was an accomplished medalist, her main interest was in sculpting animals. In 1954 she moved with her sister to Falls Village, Connecticut, where she died in 1986.
Justin Kunz is a contemporary realist painter and digital artist. His oil paintings have appeared in Arts for the Parks, The Springville Museum of Art, and the LDS Church Museum of Art and History. His digital artwork has been featured in software and games such as THQ and Nickelodeon's Tak series, LEGO: Bionicle, and Disney's Chicken Little. Justin resides in Lindon, Utah, with his wife, Heidi and their four children.
Jim Licaretz is a graduate of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. He received a Traveling Scholarship as well as the Edmund Stewardson Prize for Figurative Sculpture, and a Philadelphia Board of Education four-year scholarship.
Jim returned to the United States Mint as a Medallic Sculptor in 2006, a position he first held in the 1980s. He was also a sculptor at Franklin Porcelain and the Franklin Mint in Pennsylvania, was a master sculptor at Mattel Inc. in California, and managed the sculpting department at Artistic Solutions in California. In addition, he served as a faculty member at the Fleisher Art Memorial, Philadelphia, Otis School of Art and Design, Los Angeles, and the Academy of Art College, San Francisco.
Jim's works are represented in numerous private collections and can be seen at the British Museum, The Royal Coin Cabinet, The National Museum of Economy, Stockholm, Sweden, The American Numismatic Society, and the Smithsonian Institution.
Jim is president of the American Medallic Sculpture Association, and a member of The National Sculpture Society and The Federation International de le Medaille.
- 1976 Introspect Sculpture Award Franklin Mint Medal of Honor for Sculpture
- 1986 American Artist Professional League Gold Medal 58th Grand National Exhibition
- 1986 Gold Medal of Honor for Sculpture, 36th Annual Open Exhibition, Knickerbocker Artists
- 1987 Best in Show "Sculpture 1987" The Johnson Atelier National Competition, Mercerville, NJ
Henry Augustus Lukeman (1871-1935) was an American sculptor, specialising in historical monuments. He was born at Richmond, Va., and studied under Launt Thompson and Daniel Chester French in New York and at the Beaux-Arts in Paris under Falguière. He aided French in his statue "The Republic" at the Chicago Exposition and later acted as his assistant in New York. His independent works include monuments, portrait busts and statues, bas reliefs, and ornamental sculpture. He worked the sculptures on Stone Mountain that were originally started by Gutzon Borglum.
After dismissing Gutzon Borglum over disagreements about the use of funds from the sale of the Confederate Half Dollar, the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Association hired Augustus Lukeman to replace him as chief sculptor. Left with a half finished carving and no models, Lukeman was forced to start over completely. He dynamited off most of Borglum's work and made plans for an even more ambitious monument, complete with memorial hall and reflecting pool. Lukeman worked swiftly and efficiently, but when the Venable family reclaimed the property in 1928, he had completed only Lee's head and Davis' head and outlined Lee's and Davis' bodies and Lee's famous war-horse Traveler.
Hermon Atkins MacNeil
Hermon A. MacNeil (b.1866 d.1947) was an accomplished American sculptor best known for his work with Native American subjects. One of his last works was the Pony Express statue dedicated in 1940 in St. Joseph, Missouri. In 1906 he became a National Academician. His first important work was The Moqui Runner, which was followed by A Primitive Chant, and The Sun Vow, all figures of the North American Indian. A Fountain of Liberty, for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, and other Indian themes came later; his Agnese and his Beatrice, two fine busts of women, also deserve mention. One of his principal works is the sculpture in Columbus, Ohio, in honor of President William McKinley. In 1909 he won in competition a commission for a large soldiers' and sailors' monument in Albany, New York.
Richard Masters is Professor Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh where he previously served as Professor of Art for 19 years. For the past two decades, he has exhibited his artwork extensively in highly competitive venues, a record that includes over fifty national and international juried exhibitions and five solo shows. His work is often critically recognized, honors that include eight Best of Show awards. Mr. Masters studied design and drawing at the University of Iowa, graduating with a Master of Fine Arts degree in 1990. As an inaugural member of the Artistic Infusion Program, Mr. Masters has been assisting the United States Mint with the creation of new designs for coins and medals since 2004. Born in Iowa, he and his spouse currently live and work as independent artists in New York City.
- 2021 American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin Reverse
- Armed Forces Silver Medal (United States Coast Guard) Obverse
- 2020 American Innovation (Connecticut) One Dollar Reverse
- 2020 America the Beautiful Quarters® National Park of American Samoa (American Samoa) Quarter Reverse
- 2020 America the Beautiful Quarters® Salt River Bay National Historical Park (U.S. Virgin Islands) Quarter Reverse
- 2019 American Innovation (Pennsylvania) One Dollar Reverse
- 2019 American Liberty High Relief Gold Coin and Silver Medal Obverse
- American Veterans Silver Medal Reverse
- 2019 American Legion 100th Anniversary Commemorative Half Dollar obverse
- 2019 American Legion 100th Anniversary Commemorative Half Dollar reverse
- 2018 America the Beautiful Quarters® Apostle Islands (Wisconsin) reverse
- Barack Obama 1st Term Presidential Bronze Medal obverse
- 2017 America the Beautiful Quarters® Effigy Mounds (Iowa) Quarter reverse
- 2016 Presidential Dollar Ronald Reagan obverse
- 2016 First Spouse $10 Gold Pat Nixon obverse
- 2016 First Spouse $10 Gold Pat Nixon reverse
- 2015 First Spouse $10 Gold Mamie Eisenhower obverse
- 2015 U.S. Marshals Service Commemorative silver obverse
- 2014 First Spouse $10 Gold Lou Hoover reverse
- 2013 First Special Service Force Congressional Gold Medal reverse
- 2013 First Spouse $10 Gold Helen Taft reverse
- 2013 5-Star Generals Commemorative silver obverse
- 2012 Star-Spangled Banner Commemorative gold reverse
- 2011 First Spouse $10 Gold Julia Grant reverse
- 2011 Medal of Honor Commemorative silver reverse
- 2011 U.S. Army Commemorative silver obverse
- 2011 Native American Dollar (Wampanoag Treaty) reverse
- 2010 Professor Muhammad Yunus Congressional Gold Medal reverse
- President George W. Bush 2nd Term Presidential Medal reverse
- 2009 Northern Mariana Islands Quarter reverse
- 2009 Lincoln Bicentennial One-Cent (Birth and Early Childhood in Kentucky) reverse
- 2008 Comanche Code Talkers Congressional Gold Medal obverse
- 2007 Little Rock High School Commemorative silver obverse
- 2006 50-State Quarters® Nebraska Quarter reverse
Source: U.S. Mint
Joseph Menna is a classically trained sculptor and artist. Prior to joining the Engraving staff of the United States Mint, he completed numerous public and private commissions while working full time at a local fine art foundry. In addition to his traditional work, Menna is a skilled digital sculptor possessing a command of various cutting edge digital sculpting, rendering and scanning techniques. He lives in the Philadelphia area with his wife, also a professional artist, and two children.
Menna's professional career followed 10 years of fine art training at some of the world’s best schools. He earned his BFA from the University of the Arts in Philadelphia, his MFA from the New York Academy Graduate School of Figurative Art in New York City, and completed two years of post-graduate studies in monumental and architectural sculpture at the Mukhina Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. During these 10 years, Menna supplemented his primary training with studies at schools such as the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Art Student's League, and the Sculpture Center in Manhattan.
Joseph Menna joined the United States Mint in 2005, as a medallic sculptor. Mr. Menna was educated in classical art and sculpture but he also brings years of digital arts experience to the United States Mint’s sculptor-engraving department. The medallic sculptor position is a career development position which will help Mr. Menna advance his bas-relief and metal working skills. As a United States Mint medallic sculptor, he will create and submit coinage and medal designs, and work models, hubs and dies. "Mr. Menna is the first of the new engravers," said senior United States Mint sculptor-engraver John Mercanti. He’ll unite classical art and design with twenty-first century digital technology. It’s a marriage that will help keep the United States Mint’s design and sculptor-engraving team among the finest in the world."
Representative Coin Sculpting Credits
- PCGS 408825 - 2009-P $1 Louis Braile
- 2007 First Spouse Martha Washington obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 First Spouse Abigail Adams obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 Utah State Quarter reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 Presidential $1 George Washington obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 Presidential $1 Thomas Jefferson obverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 San Francisco Mint Gold obverse (sculpt)
Source: U.S. Mint
Joseph Jacinto “Jo” Mora, born 22 October 1876 in Uruguay, died 10 October 1947 in Monterey California, just short of his seventy-first birthday.
Jo Mora came to the United States as a child, he studied art in the New York, then worked for Boston newspapers as a cartoonist. He was a man of many other talents, artist-historian, sculptor, painter, photographer, illustrator, muralist and author. Later in life, he became quite a renown artist.
In 1903, Mora came to California, then in 1904 he moved to Keams Canyon in northeast Arizona, living with the Hopi and Navajo Indians. He learned their languages and photographed and painted an ethnological record, particularly of the Kachina ceremonial dances. In 1907, he marred Grace Needham and they moved to Mountain View California. He moved to Pebble Beach in 1922 and established a home and large studio there, it being near the Carmel Mission (San Carlos Borroméo De Carmelo Mission) after being commissioned to do the Serra Sarcophagus* for Padre (Father) Ramon Mestres. The bronze and travertine marble sarcophagus showing Padre Serra lying in state with his friends Padres Crespi, López, and Lasuén around him was unveiled on 12 October 1924. Note that Padre Crespi died before Father Serra; Mora took a bit of artistic license here, but his work is certainly in keeping with the spirit. (* Note that a sarcophagus is an above ground box or tomb that contains a body. The memorial never contained Padre Serra’s remains. The correct name for the monument is Cenotaph.) Mora also worked in ceramics, wood and stone. “The Greeting” from 1928 is still a Carmel delight. Another of his tributes to Padre Serra greets new arrivals to Carmel.
During his long and productive career, Mora illustrated a number of books including Animals of Aesop (1900), Dawn and the Dons - The Romance of Monterey (1926), Benito and Loreta Delfin, Children of Alta California (1932), and Fifty Funny Animal Tales (1932). He authored three books, A Log of the Spanish Main (1933), Trail Dust and Saddle Leather (1946) and his posthumous publication, Californios (1949).
Cartes (charts, maps, posters) include California, first version (1927), Grand Caynon (1931), Yosemite (1931), Ye Old Spanish Main (1933), Indians of North America (1936) (see below), Carmel-By-The-Sea (1942) The American Cowboy Rodeo, a.k.a. Salinas Rodeo, Sweetheart of the Rodeo (Detail) (1932), California (1945) (large and small versions), Map of Los Angeles (1942), Salinas Rodeo (Levi version, 1950), Monterey Penninsula (date unknown), and Seventeen Mile Drive (date unknown) (Pebble Beach). His cartes are extremely collectible.
In 1996, the Book Club of California selected Mora as one of the state’s outstanding book illustrators. Mora is also listed in Jeff Dykes’ Fifty Great Western Illustrators.
Source: Fred Smoot @ Calafornios
Norman E. Nemeth
 Mr. Nemeth was born in Newport News, Virginia. He enlisted in the U.S. Air Force in 1961, where he served as a jet mechanic in the Strategic Air Command and the Military Air Transport Service. He was honorably discharged in 1965.
Mr. Nemeth attended the Hartford Art School of the University of Hartford. In 1968, while a student, he was commissioned to create a sculpture for the school's permanent collection. Mr. Nemeth received a B.F.A. in sculpture in 1969, and received the Mitchell Award for Excellence the same year.
Following graduation, Mr. Nemeth spent eleven years as a designer-sculptor for the Franklin Mint. For over twenty years, he has done free-lance work for numerous companies including direct mail marketing, coin and medal companies and the holographic industry. Mr. Nemeth has also designed and prepared models for coins, medals, plaques, toys, porcelain, pewter thematic sculpture, dolls, masks and other sculptured products.
Mr. Nemeth conceived, designed, produced and sold sculpture in many northeastern states. He has exhibited sculpture with Gallery Charve in Philadelphia and the Zarick Gallery in Farmington, Connecticut. Mr. Nemeth joined the United States Mint as a sculptor-engraver in 2001.
Representative United States Mint Coin Sculpting Credits
- PCGS 921007 - 2005-P $1 Marine Corps, DC
- PCGS 21008 - 2006-P $1 Franklin-Scientist
- 2007 Wyoming State Quarter reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Jamestown gold reverse (sculpt)
- 2003 First Flight Centennial Silver Proof and Uncirculated Coins – reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2001 Olympic Five Dollar - reverse (design and sculpt)
Representative Non-United States Mint Coins/Medals Executed
- 1976 United Nations Peace Medal
- 1976 Belize One Hundred Dollar Piece
- 1976 Malaysian Two Hundred Ringit Piece
- 1974 Trinidad and Tobago Five Cent Piece
- 1973 Commemorative Medal for the entry of West Germany into the United Nations
- 1973 United Nations Peace Medal
-  U.S. Mint
Brenda Putnam was best known for her sculpted garden figures, portraits, busts, bas reliefs and small statuettes. She started her education at the Boston Museum School of Art in Massachusetts. She studied there from 1905-1907, continuing her studies at the Art Students League in New York City, the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. and she went on to become a WPA artist during the Great Depression. Much of her work is now housed in Syracuse University's Carnegie Library.
Anthony C. Paquet
The engraver is one of relatively few assistants at the Mint who never achieved the chief engravership position, but whose name is a numismatic byword today. Although he signed many medals at the Philadelphia Mint, including the particularly important Washington Cabinet Medal for presentation on February 22, 1860, his patterns are unsigned. Among patterns attributed to Paquet are certain cent dies circa 1858, pattern half dollars and $20 coins of 1859, several issues of the 1860s, and at least one 1877 half dollar, among others. Dies employing tall letters with thick uprights are often attributed to him, and in the case of certain 1859 half dollars and of the 1861 Paquet Reverse $20 this is correct. Others may have been from punches that Paquet made, but which were employed by different artists.
Anthony C. Paquet was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1814, probably the son of Touissaint François Paquet, a bronze worker in that city. He came to America in 1848, and in the mid-1850s had an engraving shop in New York City. Unfortunately, there seems to be virtually nothing in present numismatic literature to identify tokens, medals, or any other metallic items he may have created prior to coming to the Mint, save for a John C. Fremont campaign medal; reverse inscription: "THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS ECHO BACK FREMONT," etc. No doubt, careful study of the letter punches on this medal would help to identify other Paquet dies of the era. During this era he had a shop in New York City, but may have worked elsewhere as well.
Paquet did contract work for the Mint in early 1857, and on October 20 of that year joined the Mint staff as an assistant engraver. He remained in that post through early 1864, after which he returned to the private sector, but continued to do important commissions for the government, including two designs for Indian Peace medals. Paquet furnished the letter punches for certain patterns and possibly regular coins as well, one recorded shipment arriving in late May, 1857, although he could have done earlier work as well. Apparently, the same engraver made up punches for various denominations including the dime, quarter, and half dollar. However, these fonts were not used at the time for circulating coinage.
Paquet died in 1882, leaving a great legacy of pattern coins, some regular issues, and an illustrious group of medals including the Congressional Medal of Honor (authorized by President Lincoln on July 12, 1861). His portrait of George Washington, based upon Jean Antoine Houdon's bust of 1785, was used on the 1860 Washington Cabinet medal, on a popular cent-sized Mint medalet, and elsewhere. Although these coins are not signed, the pattern Washington five-cent pieces of 1866 may be his work, at least in part.
Bela Lyon Pratt
Bela Lyon Pratt (December 11, 1867 – May 18, 1917) was an American sculptor. When Saint-Gaudens' uncompleted group for the entrance to the Boston Public Library was rejected, Pratt was awarded a commission for personifications of Art and Science. Pratt continued Saint-Gaudens' influence in coin design after 1907. His gold Indian Head half ($5) and quarter ($2.50) eagles are known as the "Pratt coins" and feature an unusual intaglio Indian head, the U.S. mint's only recessed design in circulation.
Born in 1867 in Norwich Connecticut. After studying art at Yale, he moved to New York, where he was a student of Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Saint-Gaudens encouraged him to travel to Paris, where he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In 1892 he returned to the United States and began a prolific career as a sculptor. He settled in Boston, and in 1893 began a career as a teacher at the School at the Museum of Fine Arts. During his time teaching, he remained very active as a sculptor. His work can be found at Harvard University, the Boston Public Library, the United States Naval Academy, the Massachusetts State House, the Boston Public Garden, and many other institutions and communities. His Nathaniel Hawthorne is in Salem Massachusetts, and his Nathan Hale is at Fort Nathan Hale in New Haven, Connecticut
With the conclusion of the American Revolution and the establishment of the Constitutional Government, the United States became a haven for those who wished to better their previous lives in Europe. One such immigrant to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania around 1800 was Johann Matthaus Reich from Bavaria. Reich was a skilled engraver who sold himself into indentured servitude in order to finance his passage to the United States.
In 1801, President Thomas Jefferson recommended John Reich to be hired as engraver at the Philadelphia Mint. President Jefferson had served as Cabinet officer in charge of the Mint while Secretary of State to President George Washington. He had developed a good “eye” and working knowledge of all aspects of the minting process while in France. Reich was unable to secure a full time position of engraver, but was hired for other duties. His freedom was also purchased by an unknown mint official at this time. Reich had a superb eye for the intricacies of coin engraving; in the opinion of many, much more so than the current Chief Engraver Robert Scot. Scot had designed most of the coins at the mint since the second year of operations in 1794.
By 1807, Scot at age 62, with failing eyesight, was agreeable to (due to once again the urging of President Jefferson) the hiring of John Reich as Assistant or Second Engraver by the new Mint Director, Robert Patterson. This overdue promotion was indeed timely, for Reich had become bored with his menial task assignments so much that he had contemplated returning to Europe. Patterson immediately assigned Reich to the task of redesigning most of the coins then in circulation. Reich began with the two most important coins for commerce, the half dollar and the half eagle.
The design for the Capped Bust half dollar is one of the most enduring in American numismatic history. Reich chose for the obverse a buxom portrait of Liberty facing left flanked by 13 stars. Liberty wears a cloth cap with the inscription: “LIBERTY.” This image gave the coin a distinctly European look, unlike anything that had preceded it from the Mint. The reverse features an eagle with a heraldic shield symbolizing the Union on its breast. It holds in its claws three arrows symbolizing strength and an olive branch representing peace. At the top of the eagle is the inscription:” UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.” Directly above the eagle is a scroll with the incuse motto: “E PLURIBUS UNUM.” The denomination: “50 C.” is on the bottom of the coin. This coin features a lettered edge with the inscription: “FIFTY CENTS OR HALF A DOLLAR.” Reich used his own signature device of a small notch on the outside point of the13th star. The design for the gold half eagle was modified slightly to accommodate the requirements of the smaller diameter coin. Both coins were released in 1807 bearing the same date.
A similar design for the gold quarter eagle was issued in 1808. Also in 1808, using a modified version of his Capped Bust obverse, Reich designed a new cent coin that featured an adaptation of the reverse wreath design of Robert Scot. A half cent followed in 1809 that mirrored the cent. The Capped Bust dime would debut in 1809 and the quarter in 1815. Both coins were identical to the half dollar with the exception of the lettered edge of the half dollar being replaced by a reeded edge on the smaller coins.
An important innovation by Reich was to put the denomination on gold and silver coins. This had not been previously done at the mint. By 1815 what John Reich had accomplished, for the first time in U.S. Mint history, was to create a set of circulating coins with a common obverse device; that of the Capped Liberty. No one knows for sure who was the inspiration for this woman depicted on Reich’s coins. A 19th century writer speculated that the model was “Reich’s fat German mistress.” Reich modified the half eagle in 1813 to create what was to be known as the Capped Head design.
In 1817, Reich resigned from the employ of the Philadelphia Mint. He had lasted only 10 years with no promotion or pay raise and little praise from Scot. Robert Scot, Reich’s supervisor would stay at the Mint as Chief Engraver until his death in 1823. However, none of Scot’s designs would last as long as Reich’s Capped Bust half dollar; twenty nine years.
Elgin native Trygve A. Rovelstad was a renowned sculptor and medalist. He was sculptor of the City of Elgin's monumental bronze "Pioneer Family Memorial." He was the nation's first medalist sculptor of the U.S. War Department and designed numerous U.S. military medals, and other civilian and commemorative medals. He was selected as the editor and designer of the "American Roll of Honor" located in St. Paul's Cathedral, London. He was the sculptor of the Senator Barr statue displayed in the State of Illinois Capitol Rotunda.
Born on September 27, 1903, in Elgin, Illinois, to his Norwegian immigrant parents, Trygve Rovelstad attended Lowrie Grade School and Elgin High School, where he excelled in art classes. After graduation, he studied at the Nellie Fabyan estate art studio in Geneva. Later he was accepted to work and study at the famous Midway Studio of master sculptor Lorado Taft and he attended night classes at the Art Institute of Chicago. He furthered his art studies at Beaux Arts in New York City. He then returned to Elgin and modeled miniature reliefs for Lorado Taft. Next, Trygve traveled west and attended the University of Washington, where he completed four years of sculpture training in just two years. In preparation for his Pioneer Memorial sculpture, he traveled to Paris, France to do studies of sculpture and the related arts at the Louvre. After a life of artistic accomplishment, Trygve died on June 8, 1990 at age 86 in Elgin.
Saint-Gaudens had a keen interest in the medallic arts. He referred to his early relief portraits as "medallions," and made some of these in circular form. Saint-Gaudens' portrait of his friend John Singer Sargent reveals the sculptor's familiarity with the art of classical Roman numismatics. With his first official medal, for the centennial of George Washington's inauguration in 1889, Saint-Gaudens created "the first medal of real artistic value made in this country," according to Richard Watson Gilder. Gilder hoped that the Washington medal would have an effect on the future design of United States coinage. In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned Saint-Gaudens to prepare new designs for the ten and twenty-dollar gold coins and the one-cent piece. Saint-Gaudens was the first sculptor to design an American coin, and several of his assistants went on to make significant contributions in this field. Although the president was enthusiastic, and supportive of Saint-Gaudens, the commission became fraught with difficulties. The general problem was to relate Saint-Gaudens’ desire for high relief to the exigencies of mass production and use.
- George Washington Inaugural Centennial Medal (1889)
- World's Columbian Exposition Commemorative Presentation Medal (1892-94)
- Theodore Roosevelt Special Inaugural Medal (1905)
- The Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association Presentation
William Marks Simpson
Baltimore sculptor William Marks Simpson was selected to design and model the coin. Simpson was also the creator of commemorative halves for Roanoke and Norfolk. His models for the Antietam half dollar were reviewed favorably by the Commission of Fine Arts’ sculptor member, Paul Manship, with only minor suggestions for improvement. The obverse of the Antietam half displays conjoined busts of McClellan and Lee facing left. Their names are below, and the statutory inscriptions IN GOD WE TRUST and LIBERTY appear to left and right, respectively. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and HALF DOLLAR are arranged in arcs around the periphery. Stars reflecting the respective ranks of McClellan and Lee are at left and right, and the artist’s monogram is below the truncation of Lee’s shoulder. The reverse features a scene of the bridge over Antietam Creek which was the focus of fighting toward the end of that fateful day in 1862. It was later called the Burnside Bridge, after Ambrose Burnside, whose stubborn determination to take it wasted so many lives. This title and the date of the battle appear below the bridge. Above it is the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM. Around the periphery is the inscription SEVENTY FIFTH ANNIVERSARY BATTLE OF ANTIETAM and the date 1937.
- Hans Schuler Sr. (1874-1951)
- Birthplace: Alsace Lorraine, Germany
- Place of Death: Baltimore, Maryland
- Maryland Affiliation: Depicts Maryland subjects, Active while in residence
- Prominent Theme: sculpture; portraits; figural
- Style/Period: Realism
- Race/Ethnicity: White
Biography: Early in Hans Schuler, Sr.'s career, he became the first American sculptor to win a Salon Gold Medal in Paris (1901). Known as the Monument Maker, Schuler graduated from the Maryland Institute College of Art's Rinehart School of Sculpture, in Baltimore, Maryland. He taught there, was elected to the board in 1925, and served as the Institute's director from 1925 to 1951. In this role, he met and hired old master-style painter Jacques Maroger to teach at the Institute; Maroger would become highly influential at the school and regionally. Their legacy was carried on by two of their artistic disciples: Hans Sr.'s son, Hans Schuler, Jr., and Maroger's assistant, Ann Didusch Schuler. Hans Jr. and Ann Didusch Schuler founded The Schuler School of Fine Arts in 1959. The School was founded with the mission of promoting the classical realist tradition, and is still in operation today.
Schuler was eminent among sculptors of his generation in Baltimore, along with Edward and Henry Berge (Naylor, p. 15). Schuler's monuments, reliefs, and sculpture portraits remain a part of public buildings, streets, universities, and cemeteries throughout Maryland, adjacent states, and the District of Columbia.
Source: Maryland ArtSource PCGS 9328 - 1934 50C Maryland
Carl Ludwig Schmitz
PCGS 9301 - 1936 50C Delaware An open design competition with a $500 prize drew 40 entries and was judged by the Mint's Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock and by noted sculptor Dr. Robert Tait McKenzie. It resulted in the selection of Carl L. Schmitz as the winner. Appropriate to a celebration of the immigrant, Schmitz was a German-American born in France! The judging was performed Schmitz's models were delivered to the Federal Commission of Fine Arts in November of 1936 and were forwarded to the Commission's sculptor member, Lee Lawrie, for his review and comment. Lawrie noted that "These models seem to me to be made by one who understands his business - they are excellent." He expressed concern, however, that they be accurate in their depiction of the two subject elements: the immigrants' ship, the Kalmar Nyckel (Key of Kalmar, a Swedish city), and the Old Swedes Church (built in 1698-99, although shown on the coin with subsequent additions). Tercentenary Commission Chairman C. L. Ward responded to an inquiry about these elements by noting that the roof line of the church was not quite correct, and he included some additional comments about the positioning of the mottoes and legends. The Commission of Fine Arts then approved the designs on December 14, 1936, subject to the modifications directed by Ward.
Carl was born Carl Ludwig Schmitz in Metz to a German father and a French mother. He was the child of Edouard and Anna Schmitz. It was an arranged marriage. There were 4 siblings, all boys. When his parents had separated, Carl and his brother Ludwig were raised by their mother. His other brothers Walter and Herman stayed with their father.
He received most of his education in Munich, Germany.
Charles L. Vickers
Charles Vickers was born and raised in Northeast Texas. After a tour of duty with the 101st Airborne Division, he went to New York to study at the Art Students League and Frank Reilly School of Art. He also attended the Pratt Institute and the School of Visual Arts.
In 1976, Charles moved to Pennsylvania and began a successful career at the Franklin Mint. Since leaving as a Senior Sculptor in 1985 and establishing his own studio, Charles’ design work has earned him recognition throughout the world and he has been commissioned to work on many private collections.
Charles joined the United States Mint’s sculptor-engraving staff in December 2003.
Most of his work has been in bas-relief; medals, coins and design, including the following pieces:
Representative Coin Sculpting Credits
- PCGS 921007 - 2005-P $1 Marine Corps, DC
- PCGS 21008 - 2006-P $1 Franklin-Scientist
- 2007 First Spouse Gold - Thomas Jefferson reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2007 Washington State Quarter reverse (sculpt)
- 2007 Presidential $1 John Adams obverse (sculpt)
- 2006 Nebraska Quarter - reverse (sculpt)
- 2006 Benjamin Franklin Commemorative Silver Dollar, Scientist - reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2006 San Francisco Mint Gold obverse (design)
- 2005 Minnesota Quarter – reverse (design and sculpt)
- 2005 230th Anniversary of the Marine Corps Silver Dollar - reverse (design and sculpt)
- Brown V Board of Education Medal - obverse (design and sculpt)
Representative Medal Sculpting Credits
- 2001 George W. Bush Official Inaugural Medal (design and sculpt)
Representative Non-United States Mint Sculpting Credits
- The Official Medal of The Ronald Reagan Library
- The Four Pillars of Freedom set in the Ronald Reagan Library
- The Official Christening Medal of The USS Ronald Reagan
- The Official USS Ronald Reagan Captain's Medal
- Pope John Paul II 25th Anniversary Medal
Source: U.S. Mint
Donna Weaver studied sculpting, painting and print making at the Art Academy of Cincinnati, and graduated with a Fine Arts degree in 1966. A native of northern Kentucky, she worked for several area toy companies, including Kenner Toys and Hasbro, sculpting boy's action figures and girl's toys. From 2000 until her retirement in 2006, Donna served as a sculptor-engraver at the United States Mint in Philadelphia. While at the United States Mint, Donna designed the 2007 Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho state quarters and many others. Donna has revived the art of miniature bas-relief wax portraiture, which was popular in the United States between 1750 and 1840. Named one of Early American Life Magazine's best artisans, her wax portraits have been judged to be of museum quality. Donna divides her time between sculpting wax portraits, gallery exhibits, commissioned work and participating in living history events and juried shows from Virginia to Indiana.
- 2005 $1 Marshall reverse
- PCGS 21009 - 2006-P $1 Franklin-Founding Father
- PCGS 147439 - 2007-P $1 Jamestown
- 2004 Edison Commemorative
- 2008 First Spouse Elizabeth Monroe reverse
- 2008 Bald Eagle Commemorative clad reverse
Frank Vittor was born in 1888, in Mozzato, Italy, near Milan. His family included many artists and by the age of nine young Frank had already begun sculpting. His formal art education took place in Milan and at Rodin's studio in Paris. In 1906 he came to the United States to be a student of Stanford White. The eighteen-year-old Vittor was left to fend for himself, when just a week after his arrival, White was murdered. Vittor eventually established himself in New York where he became an assistant teacher of sculpture classes at Cooper Union. It is said that he also worked several years for Augustus Saint-Gaudens. In 1917 Vittor visited his wife's relatives in Pittsburgh, bringing with him over eighty of his bronze works for display in a local gallery. His work was immediately popular and several local art patrons, including famous scientist John Alfred Brashear, convinced Vittor to make Pittsburgh his home. In 1920 he moved to Pittsburgh and spent the rest of his life there, passing away in 1968.
Vittor taught sculpture at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon), the local YMHA and YWHA, and Carnegie Museum. He founded the Pittsburgh Society of Sculptors, and was a member of the Architectural Club of Pittsburgh and the city Planning Commission. He is known as the "Sculptor of Presidents" because of his busts of Coolidge, Wilson, and Theodore Roosevelt. In 1959 he sculpted the heads of all thirty-four presidents for a museum in Florida. In his lifetime he sculpted over two hundred portrait busts in bronze.
Adolph A. Weinman
Sculptor, born in Karlsruhe, Germany. He and his widowed mother emigrated to New York City (1880), where he was apprenticed to a wood and ivory carver (1885) before studying at Cooper Union (1886) and with Augustus Saint-Gaudens at the Art Students League. He opened a studio (1904) and became known for his coin designs, such as the Mercury dime and the Liberty half-dollar, as well as for his architectural works, notably the interior and facade of New York City's Pennsylvania Station.
Adolph Alexander Weinman (December 11, 1870 – August 8, 1952) was an American sculptor, born in Karlsruhe, Germany. He arrived in the United States at age 10 after which he studied at Cooper Union and Art Students League and with sculptors Augustus St. Gaudens and Philip Martiny. Although Weinman is now best known as a numismatist, when he was once introduced as such he vehemently denied being one and said that he was an architectural sculptor.
As an architectural sculptor, his work can be found on the Wisconsin, Missouri and Louisiana State Capitol Buildings. He became the sculptor of choice for the architects McKim, Mead, and White and designed sculpture for their Municipal Building, Madison Square Presbyterian Church, Prison Ship Martyrs' Monument and Pennsylvania Railway Station, all in New York City.
His non-architectural works include the Macomb and the Maybury monuments in Detroit, Michigan.
Weinman was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949.
Weinman works are mostly in a sort of lyrical classical style. His figures typically are found wearing Greco-Roman clothing, but there is a fluidity found in his work that is a harbinger of the art deco style that was to follow him.
Source: Cambridge Encyclopedia :: Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 3
Sherl Joseph Winter
The obverse design for PCGS 21011 - 2006-S $1 San Francisco Old Mint, DC was originally prepared for the San Francisco Old Mint Medal by Sculptor Engraver Sherl Joseph Winter.
 Sherl Joseph Winter is a professional sculptor-engraver who has worked with many private Mints in the design and execution of over 300 medals. He is the owner of the Winter Art Studio in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mr. Winter previously worked for sixteen years as a sculptor-engraver at the United States Mint at Philadelphia. He was appointed Acting Chief-Engraver upon the retirement of Frank Gasparro.
While working at the United States Mint at Philadelphia, Mr. Winter’s accomplishments included designing the following: medal of the U.S. Department of Treasury John Connally (reverse); 1972 Assay Commission (obverse); 1973 Assay Commission (obverse); Expo’74 (obverse); 1980 Olympic Boycott; General Charles Yeager (obverse); U.S. Marine Corps Bicentennial; 1972 American Revolution Bicentennial (obverse); 1973 American Revolution Bicentennial (reverse); General Eaker (reverse); New Orleans Mint (obverse); Bureau of Engraving and Printing, U.S. Treasury Building Nation Historic Landmark (obverse); U.S.S. Constellation (obverse); Lady Bird Johnson (obverse); and Willa Cather gold medallion for the American Arts Program. He also modeled the reverse of the 1986 Eagle Gold Bullion coin. He has also received commemorative credits for the 1986 Statue of Liberty half dollar (reverse) and the 1988 Olympic Silver Dollar (reverse).
Mr. Winter’s honors and awards include the Honorary Superior Performance Award; the H.U.D. Honor Award – Fountain Sculpture in Salem, Massachusetts, 1980; the Pauline Law Award from the Allied Artists of America in New York City, 1967; the H.U.D. Merit Award – Outdoor Sculpture in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1966; the Stimson Award from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1959; and the Stewardson Award, also from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1958.
Mr. Winter’s education includes a B.F.A. and M.F.A. from the University of Pennsylvania. In addition, he has received training from an array of art institutes, such as the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Balboa Park Art Center in San Diego, California; and Dayton Art Institute in Dayton, Ohio.
[1} Citizens Coin Advisory Council
The CCAC was established in 2003 by Congress under Public Law 108-15 to advise the Secretary of the Treasury on the themes and designs of all US coins and medals. The CCAC serves as an informed, experienced and impartial resource to the Secretary of the Treasury and represents the interests of American citizens and collectors.