On the decimal coinage of the Netherlands

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Decimal coinage of 1817-1945

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Date ½ c 1 c 2½ c 5 c 10 c 25 c ½ G 1 G 2½ G 3 G 5 G 10 G 20 G ducat
1817 322 284 239 204
1818 350 323 314 302 286 279 258 240 174 205
1819 351 324 315 303 287 280 259 241 175 206
1820 260 242 176 207
1821U 352 325 261 243 208
1821B 366 338
1822U 353 326 316 304 288 281 262 244 177 209
1822B 367 339
1823U 354 327 263 245 178
1823B 368 340 309 294 269 255
1824U 355 328 264 246 179
1824B 369 295 190 226
1825U 305 289 180 210
1825B 318 310 296 191 227
1826U 356 329 306 290 181
1826B 371 343 319 311 297 197 192
1827U 357 330 317 307 196
1827B 372 344 320 312 298 198 193
1828U 358 331 308 265 182 212
1828B 373 345 321 313 299 271 194 229
1829U 359 291 182a 213
1829B 300 282 271 195 230
1830U 333 292 248 183 214
1830B 301 283 231
1831 361 334 266 249 184 215
1832 362 267 250 185 216
1833 186 217
1834 218
1835 219
1836 220
1837 364 336 268 187 221
1838 222
1839 188 223
1840 278, 518 257 189 224, 225
1841 538 506 504, 505
1842 519 507 502
1843 539 520 508 503
1844 521 509
1845 522 510, 511
1846 540 529 523, 524 512, 513
1847 541 530 525 514
1848 537 534 532 531 526 515 501 500 499
1849 535, 640 533, 635 527 516, 575 563
1850 703 666 641 635 622 604 576 547 545 542
1851 704 605 577 548 546 543
1852 705 578
1853 706 667 642 636 623 606 579 544
1854 707 607 580
1855 708 668 643 608 581
1856 644 609 582
1857 709 624 610 583
1858 625 611 584
1859 710 669 645 626 612 585
1860 685 627 613 586
1861 711 686 628 614 587
1862 712 687 670 646 629 588
1863 713 688 671 647 630 615 589
1864 714 689 631 616 590
1865 715 617 591
1866 632 618 592
1867 716 619 593
1868 672 648 633 594
1869 717 673 649 595
1870 718 690 596
1871 650 597
1872 719 598 564
1873 720 691 651 599 565
1874 652, 653 600, 602 566
1875 721 692 549
1876 722 693 674 654 550 567
1877 723 694, 695 679 655 551 568
1878 724 696 656 569
1879 675 657 552 570
1880 697 680 658 553 571
1881 698 681 659 572
1882 699 660
1883 725 700 682
1884 726 701 683 661
1885 727 662 554
1886 728 684 555
1887 676 663 637 556
1888 557
1889 664 638 558
1890 947 665 639
1891 999 846
1892 963 876 847 792 740
1893 878 848
1894 1000 948 879 849 755
1895 880 850 741 756
1896 964 881 851 796
1897 965 882 852 797 742
1898 1001 966 949 883 853 830 802 782 744
1899 967 757
1900 1002 968
1901 1003 969, 970 884 854 803 758
1902 971 855
1903 1004 950 885 856 759
1904 972 951 886 857 831 806
1905 973 952 887 858 832 807 760
1906 1005 974 953 888 859 833 808 761
1907 975 912 834 809
1908 913 835 810 762
1909 1006 914 836 811 763, 764
1910 889 860 837 812 765
1911 1007 890 861 813 745
1912 1008 954 891 862 838 814 754 746 766
1913 976 955 915 892 863 839 815 747 767
1914 1009 977 956 916 893 864 816 768
1915 1010 978 957 894 865 817
1916 1011 979 958 895 866 818 769
1917 1012 980 896 867 819 748 770
1918 981 959 897 868
1919 982 960 898 869 840
1920 983 771
1921 1013 984 899 841 772
1922 1014 985 842 820 773
1923 917 821 774
1924 986 822 775
1925 987 900 870 749 776
1926 988 901 871 750 777
1927 989 902 751 778
1928 1015 990 903 872 843 823 779
1929 991 961 918 844 824 784
1930 1016 992 904 845 825 785
1931 993 826 786
1932 919 787 752 780
1933 920 788 753
1934 1017 921 905
1935 906
1936 1018 922 907
1937 1019 994 908 789 781
1938 1020 995 923 909 827 790
1939 996 924 910 873 828 791
1940 1021 997 925 874 829 792
1941 998 962 911, 1282 875, 1280
1941Z 1039 1037 1034 1031 1028 (Zinc)
1942 1286 1283
1942Z 1040 1038 1035 1032 1029 (Zinc)
1943 1287 1285 1058 1056, 1281 1073 1072
1943Z 1041 1036 1033 1030 (Zinc)
1944 1042 1059, 1061, 1062 1057 1055
1945 1060 1058 1056

Prior to the French Revolution, the Dutch United Provinces used a mix of medieval denominations such as stuivers, gulden, ducats and ducatons. The Batavian Republic and Kingdom of Holland, both French puppet states, continued the old system but when the Netherlands were annexed to Napoleon's empire in 1810, French decimal coinage was introduced. Napoleon was toppled in 1814 and in 1815 the kingdom of the Netherlands was constituted at the Congress of Vienna. In 1817, decimal coinage was introduced, with 100 cents = one gulden. For 1821-30, two mints operated; "U" = Utrecht, "B" = Brussels. The majority of ducats dated before 1849 were clandestinely made in Russia. Altho technically counterfeits, they are indistinguishable from genuine product and are collected with the regular issues.

In the table header, "c" = "cents" and "G" = "gulden." The numbers in the boxes are the Schulman catalog numbers; a blank box indicates none were made. A Schulman number in blue will link to a page on that coin. A notable feature of Dutch coinage is its frequent interruptions; unlike other industrialized nations, the Netherlands did not issue every denomination year after year. The chart does not include the very rare double ducats of 1854, 1867 and 1868.

Post war issues (1948-2001)

After World War Two, coinage resumed in 1948 with an issue of one, five, ten and twenty-five cents for Wilhelmina before she abdicated. We separate this table to drop the obsolete half cent, two-and-a-half cents, half gulden, three gulden and twenty gulden and add the fifty gulden. Schulman numbers have not been assigned for coins minted after 1975.

Date 1 c 5 c 10 c 25 c 1 G 2½ G 5 G 10 G 50 G ducat
1948 1077 1076 1075 1074
1949
1950 1235 1200 1165 1135
1951 1236 1201 1166 1136
1952 1237 1202
1953 1238 1203
1954 1239 1204 1167 1137 1102
1955 1240 1205 1168 1138 1103
1956 1241 1206 1169 1139 1104
1957 1242 1207 1170 1140 1105
1958 1243 1208 1171 1141 1106
1959 1244 1172 1095
1960 1245 1209 1173 1142 1096 1078
1961 1246 1210 1174 1143 1097
1962 1247 1211 1175 1144 1098
1963 1248 1212 1176 1145 1107 1099
1964 1249 1213 1177 1146 1108 1100
1965 1250 1214 1178 1147 1109
1966 1251 1215 1179 1148 1110 1101
1967 1252 1216 1180 1149 1111, 1120
1968 1254 1181 1150 1121
1969f 1254 1217 1182 1151 1122 1112 fish
1969r 1255 1218 1183 1152 1123 1113 rooster
1970 1256 1219 1184 1153 1124 1114 1090
1971 1257 1220 1185 1154 1125 1115
1972 1258 1221 1186 1155 1126 1116 1079
1973 1259 1222 1187 1156 1127 1091
1974 1260 1223 1188 1157 1080
1975 1261 1224 1189 1158 1128 1081
1976
1977
1978

Sources:

  • Peters, T., J. Scheper and J. Mevius, Muntalmanak 2014, 31e editie, Amsterdam: Nederlandse vereniging van munthandelaren, 2013.

Gallery of privy marks

The privy marks on Dutch coins are the personal symbols of the mintmasters. They generally do not affect the value of a coin except in those years where two privy marks exist and one is scarcer than the other, such as occurred in 1845 and 1875. A star after a privy mark indicates an acting appointment made on the death or retirement of the incumbent. They are as follows:

  • torch (1818-38): Y. D. C. Suermondt
  • palm branch (used at Brussels 1821-30): G. D. Bourgogne Herber
  • lily (1838-45): P. C. G. Poelman
  • lily with pearls (1845-46) and sword (1846-74): H. A. Bake
  • sword with scabbard (1874) and ax (1875-87): P. H. Taddel
  • ax with star (1887-88) and halbard (1888-1909); H. L. A. Bake
  • halbard with star (1909): G. Blom
  • seahorse (1909-33): C. Hoitsema
  • bunch of grapes (1933-42): W. J. van Heteren
  • acorn (1941-45): Philadelphia mint (Utrecht products of the Nazi occupation did not bear privy marks)
  • fish (1945-69): J. W. A. van Hengel
  • rooster (1969-79): M. V. den Brandhof
  • rooster with star (1980): B. C. H. J. Smit
  • anvil (1980-87): J. de Jong
  • bow and arrow (1988-99): Chr. van Draanen
  • bow and arrow with star (2000): E. J. Schouwenburg
  • grapes and grape leaf (2001): R. Bruens
  • grapes and grape leaf with star (2002) and sailing ship (2003-): M. T. Brouwer