Hesse-Darmstadt 1733-G K carolin Fr-1208

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Kunker sale 264, lot 3728
This specimen was lot 3728 in Künker sale 264 (Osnabrück, June 2015), where it sold for €575 (about US$743 including buyer's fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"HESSEN-DARMSTADT, LANDGRAFSCHAFT, Ernst Ludwig, 1678-1739. 10 Gulden (Karolin) 1733, Darmstadt. GOLD. Belagreste, fast sehr schön. (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Ernest Louis, 1678-1739, ten gulden (= carolin d'or) of 1733, Darmstadt mint. Flaws, very fine.)"
The eighteenth century saw a fad for absolutist rulers issuing gold coins named after themselves. The most important was the French louis d'or introduced by Louis XIII and issued until the French Revolution in 1789. In Prussia, Frederick the Great minted the friedrichs d'or and Denmark alternated between frederiks d'or and christians d'or depending on who held the throne. In Bavaria, the carolin d'or superseded the maximilian d'or in 1726 but was minted only until 1737 along with half and double carolin d'or. The type shown here, the only carolin for Hesse-Darmstadt, was issued 1733 only. The SCWC calls this a ten thaler, which weighs 13.36 g, but it is a ten gulden, about two-thirds the weight.

Recorded mintage: unknown but scarce.

Specification: 9.7 g, .770 fine gold, 9.57 g.

Catalog reference: Fr-1208; Schütz 2899, KM 162.


  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 9th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2017.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • [1]Künker Münzauktionen und Goldhandel, Catalog 264, Gold coins | Russian Coins and Medals | German Coins after 1871, Osnabrück: Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co., AG, 2015

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