France 1755-I ecu

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Jean Elsen sale 141, lot 1454
This specimen was lot 1454 in Jean Elsen sale 141 (Brussels, June 2019), where it sold for €850 (about US$1,127 including buyer's fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"FRANCE, Royaume, Louis XV (1715-1774), AR écu au bandeau, 1755I, Limoges. D/ T. à g., ceinte d'un bandeau. R/ Ecu de France couronné, entre deux rameaux d'olivier. Très rare Belle patine. presque Superbe. Provient de notre liste 192, juillet-août 1997, 816. (kingdom of France, Louis XV, 1715-74, silver écu of the ribbon of 1755, Limoges mint. Obverse: head left, hair tied in a ribbon; reverse: crowned arms of France between two olive branches. Very rare, nice patina, about Extremely Fine.)"
The écu au bandeau is the most popular coin of the ancien regime among collectors. Alhéritière and Deswelle[3] reported 575 dates for this type in 2004; three more have been published since. An additional 215 dates may exist; records show they were minted but no one has found one. Four dates are known which the archives state should not exist. Of these only two dozen or so are classed as common (20 or more examples known), while 481 dates are known from five or fewer examples. Droulers[2] prices the 1755-I about quadruple a common date such as 1766-L.

Recorded mintage: 2,490[2], a scarce date.

Specification: 29.49 g, .917 fine silver, 39-42 mm diameter, edge lettered DOMINE SALVUM FAC REGEM, this specimen is 29,36 g.

Catalog reference: Dav-1331, Dr/4 no. 820, Dr/2 no. 584, KM 512.9, Dupl-1680; Gad-322.


  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • [2]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • [3]Alhéritière, Edouard, and Ludovic Deswelle, "Les écus de Louis XV de bandeau: point de situation," Numismatique et Change, No. 349 [Mai 2004], pp. 61-63.
  • Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1700-1800, 2nd Ed., London: Spink & Son, 1964.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Royales Françaises, 1610-1792, 4me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2012.
  • [1]Elsen, Philippe, et al., Vente Publique 141, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils, S.A., 2019.

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