France 1691-S ecu

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Heritage sale 3049, lot 32939
France H3049-32939r.jpg

This specimen was lot 32939 in Heritage sale 3049 (Long Beach, September 2016), where it did not sell. The catalog description[2] noted, "Louis XIV Ecu 1691-S AU58 NGC, Reims mint. Ecu aux Huit L type. Some overstriking visible, yet exceptional hair detail and impressive old envelope toning." The specimen shown is an écu aux 8 L struck in Reims during the reign of Louis XIV. The "S" mintmark was originally assigned to Troyes, the capital of Champagne. When that mint closed in 1656, the mintmark was reassigned to Reims in 1680. When Troyes was reopened in 1690, it was assigned a crowned S and both mints struck the écu aux 8 L in 1691. This type was struck 1690-93 in large quantities, mostly overstriking older écus ("flans reformés"--see the specimen shown for the visible undertype). It was succeeded by the écu aux palmes. Droulers[1] prices this date as common, but even a common date is priced two and a half times that of an écu à la mèche longue.

Recorded mintage: 27,306 on new blanks plus many "reformed"[1], a common date.

Specification: 27.45 g, .917 fine silver, 39-41 mm diameter, lettered edge, designed by Joseph Roëttiers.

Catalog reference: KM 275.14, Dr/4 no. 508, Dr/2 no. 396, Dav-3811; Duplessy 1514 A; Gadoury 216.


  • [1]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
  • [2]Cristiano Bierrenbach, Warren Tucker and David Michaels, Heritage World Coin Auction 3049, featuring the Ohio Valley Collection, the Redwood Collection and the F.P. Briand Collection, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2016.

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