France 1691-K louis d'or

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from the Mountain Groan Collection
France 1691K louis dor rev 600.jpg
France 1691K louis obv DSLR.jpg
France 1691K louis rev DSLR.jpg

Droulers[2] calls this type louis d'or à l'écu, grosse tête à la mèche épaisse et moin oblique (louis of the shield, large head with weird hair). This bust is peculiar to the Bordeaux mint, otherwise it would be lumped in with the other louis d'or à l'écu (Dr/4 no. 406) struck 1690-93. This type is usually found struck over older coins, a process involving all French silver and gold coinage during 1690-1709. These "reformations" were the result of financial manipulations too tedious to discuss here. The louis d'or à l'écu was succeeded by the louis d'or aux 4 L struck 1693-1700. Both these types are the first somewhat common gold coins since the 1640's but all are expensive relative to the silver écus. Droulers[2] gives this date a 35% premium over the common date (1690-A).

Recorded mintage: 41,660 "flans neufs" plus an unknown number of "flans reformés".

Specification: 6.75 g, .917 fine gold, reeded edge, 24-26 mm diameter, designed by Joseph Roëttiers.

Catalog reference: Dr/4 no. 407, Dr/2 no. 260.


  • [2]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 9th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2017.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.

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