Ethiopia EE1923 5 matonas
The coin shown is a five matonas copper coin, dated 1923 (Ethiopian Era). On the obverse is a portrait of King Haile Selassie. The date is along the left side and is written in a format particular to Ethiopia, with and extra digit denoting magnitude. The reverse has the crowned lion of Judah with Amharic script in exergue, denomination at base. Both plain and reeded edge varieties exist for this one-year type. Struck in Addis Ababa (no mint mark).
King Haile Selassie took the throne upon the death of his cousin, Empress Zewditu, in 1923EE (1930 AD). His reign extended to 1974, with an interuption during WWII when Italian forces invaded. During this time the king lived in exile, returning when patriotic Ethiopian forces, with the help of British troops, ousted the Italian army. Ethiopia dates its coins using the Julian calendar, which is backdated approximately 7 years from the Gregorian calendar.
Recorded mintage: 1,363,000.
Catalog reference: KM 28.1.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 47th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Gill, Dennis, Coinage of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Italian Somalia, New York: Printing Mart of Long Island, Inc, 1991.