Ethiopia EE1889-A 1/2 birr
The coin shown is a silver half birr dated 1889 (Ethiopian Era). On the obverse is a portrait of King Menelik II. The date is along the base and is written in a format particular to Ethiopia, with an extra digit denoting magnitude. The reverse has the crowned lion of Judah with Amharic script in exergue. The mintmark for Paris (A) is below the lion.
Menelik II brought the Ethiopian Empire into the modern world. Previous to his reign, transactions were by barter, salt, or by imported coins such as the Maria Teresa Thaler. He instituted a state coinage and successfully defended the empire against the attempted colonization by Italy in 1896. Ethiopia dates its coins using the Julian calendar, which is backdated approximately 7 years from the Gregorian calendar.
This specimen was lot 20807 in Heritage sale 3005 (Long Beach, CA, May, 2009). It brought $1,897.50. The catalog description reads: "Menelik II 1/2 Birr EE1889A (1897), MS64 NGC, iridescent patina with blue-green and purple highlights. Rare quality for this type."
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specifications: 14.03 g, 0.835 fine silver, 0.3768 oz ASW.
Catalog reference: KM 4.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 9th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Gill, Dennis, Coinage of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Italian Somalia, New York: Printing Mart of Long Island, Inc, 1991.