Egypt AH 1293(33H) qirsh KM-299
The coin shown is a one qirsh, composition copper-nickel, from the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. The obverse bears the toughra, or signature, of the sultan, with the denomination written below. A flower design is to the right of the toughra. The reverse carries the year of mintage (year 33 of reign) followed by the script 'minted in Misr' (Egypt). The year of accession (1293) is written below, and all the foregoing is enclosed by a ring of stars. The mintmark H is at the base of the reverse, and stands for the Heaton Mint, Great Britain. The date of the coin translates to 1907 AD. Uslu lists this issue as common.
This denomination represents a member of a coinage reform started in 1884 AD. The coin pictured here is from the first year of that reform. Previous to that date, with a value less than one qirsh were given in the unit 'para'. Though fractional qirshes were treated differently than previous years, qirshes and their multiples resembled pre-reform designs and compositions. The difference was the introduction of copper-nickel qirshes in certain years. Both silver (KM 292) and copper-nickel qirshes are known for this date. This suite of denominations was continued until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and subsequent loss of influence in Egypt, in 1914 AD.
Recorded mintage: 1,000,000.
Catalog reference: KM 299.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 47th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Uslu, Kaan, Beyazit, M. Fatih, and Kara, Tuncay, Ottoman Empire Coins, Istanbul: Mas Matbaacilik A.S., 2007.