Egypt AH 1293(31-H) 1/10 qirsh
The coin shown is a tenth qirsh, composition copper-nickel, from the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. The obverse bears the toughra, or signature, of the sultan, with the year of issue written below (as in year during the reign of the sultan, in this case year 31). A flower design is to the right of the toughra. The reverse carries peripheral text including the phrase 'minted in Misr'. The large arabic 1 in the center symbolizes the fraction over 10 (1/10). Below this is the ascension year of Sultan Abdul Hamid II, AH 1293. The H at based denotes that it was struck at the Heaton mint. The date of the coin translates to 1905 AD. Uslu lists this issue as common.
This denomination represents a member of a coinage reform started in 1884 AD. The coin pictured here is from the first year of that reform. Previous to that date, with a value less than 1 qirsh were given in the unit 'para'. All fractional qirshes after 1884 were given values directly proportional to one qirsh, e.g. 1/40 qirsh, 1/20 qirsh, 1/10 qirsh, etc. This suite of denominations was continued until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and subsequent loss of influence in Egypt, in 1914 AD.
Recorded mintage: 3,000,000.
Catalog reference: KM 289.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 47th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Uslu, Kaan, Beyazit, M. Fatih, and Kara, Tuncay, Ottoman Empire Coins, Istanbul: Mas Matbaacilik A.S., 2007.