Buffalo Nickel, "FIVE CENTS" On Raised Ground (1913 only)

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In 1913 the Liberty Head nickel, which had remained in service since 1883, was replaced by a new design, the so-called Buffalo (more properly, the Indian, from its obverse, or the bison, from the true nature of the animal on its reverse) nickel by James E. Fraser, a well-known sculptor.

The obverse portrait was modeled from life by studying three Indian models, while the reverse was styled from a bison, popular called a "buffalo," at the New York Zoological Gardens (Bronx Zoo).

The obverse depicts the head of an Indian facing right, with LIBERTY in small letters at the upper right edge, and the date at the lower left. The reverse shows a...more