Turkey AH1336(4) 40 para
This specimen is from a series struck in Istanbul during the reign of Sultan Muhammed VI (r. 1918-23). This denomination was originally a large copper coin during the rule of Sultan Abdul Aziz (r. 1861-76). The denomination was revived as nickel coin in 1910, then converted to copper-nickel in 1916. This coin is the only forty para of Muhammed VI, the last Ottoman sultan, and the Ataturk regime did not see fit to continue the type. Ottoman coins were dated using regnal years; the reverse bears the date AH 1336 (= 1918 A.D.) while the obverse bears the regnal year 4 (= 1920 A.D.). The Hejira calendar uses a lunar year instead of a solar year, so its starting date moves from year to year.
Recorded mintage: 6,520,000.
Specification: 5.9 g, copper-nickel, 23.7 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: KM 828.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 47th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Uslu, Kaan, Beyazit, M. Fatih, and Kara, Tuncay, Ottoman Empire Coins, Istanbul: Mas Matbaacilik A.S., 2007.