Venezuela 1945 12 1/2 centimos
Venezuela fully adopted a decimal coinage system in 1871, with 100 centavos = 1 venezuelano. By 1879, denominations were renamed centimos and bolivares, such that 100 centimos = 1 bolivar. A crown was equivalent to 5 bolivares. The official title of the country from 1864 was 'Estados Unidos de Venezuela', a name it would carry until 1953, when the constitution mandated a return to the name 'Republica de Venezuela'.
Shown is a 1945 12½ centimos, minted in Philadelphia. The obverse features the coat of arms, with the denomination enclosed by a wreath on the reverse.
Recorded mintage: 11,200,000.
Specifications: copper-nickel, 23 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: Y 30a.
- Bruce, Colin R., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 35th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2007.