Portugal 1812 400 reis
This type was struck 1802-16 during the reign of prince regent João (1799-1816). He ruled in the stead of his mother, Maria I (1778-1816), who went insane after the death of her husband in 1786. This coin is the closest thing to a crown issued by Portugal during this period. The 400 réis or pinto was struck until 1837, when Portuguese currency was reformed and decimalized. This coin was struck without interruption through the Peninsular War, when Napoleon's forces invaded and occupied Portugal while the prince and his court fled to Brazil.
Recorded mintage: 2,796,626.
Specification: 14.7 g, .917 fine silver, 35 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: KM 331, Dav-260.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Alberto Gomes and Francisco Antonio Magro, Moedas Portuguesas e do Território Que Hoje é Portugal: Catálogo das Moedas Cunhadas para o Continentes e Ilhas Adjacentes, para os Territórios do Ultramar e Grão-Mestres Portugueses da Ordem de Malta, 6ª Edição, Lisbon: Associação Numismática de Portugal, 2013.