Poland 1917-FF 20 fenigow
This specimen was lot 25489 in Heritage sale 3026 (Long Beach, October 2013), where it sold for $1,116.25. The catalog description noted, "German Occupation Proof 20 Fenigow 1917-F, Proof 65 CAM PCGS, a superb example with fully reflective surfaces and no oxidation. Very rare as a Proof and certainly among the finest extant." As a result of the Vienna Conference of 1815, Poland was returned to the partition by Prussia, Austria and Russia. After the Germans defeated the Russians in 1916-17, they occupied the rest of Poland and issued occupation coinage in iron for the territory in 1917-18. When the Germans were in turn defeated in November 1918, the Poles rose up and reclaimed their independence, defeating a Russian invasion in 1920-22.
Recorded mintage: 1,900,000 plus proofs plus a few struck in zinc in error.
Specification: 3.9 g, iron, 23 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: KM-Y7, Fischer-ON-007.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000, 42nd ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
- Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Warren Tucker and Scott Cordry, Heritage Signature Auction 3026, World & Ancient Coins, featuring the RLM Collection, Part Two, the Nogales Collection and the Goetz Medals Die Archive, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.