Poland 1794 3 ducats Fr-98

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Sincona sale 38, lot 1767
This specimen was lot 1767 in Sincona sale 38 (Zurich, May 2017), where it sold for 4,750 CHF (about US$5,697 including buyer's fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"Stanislas August Poniatowski, 1764-1795 3 Dukaten (Stanislaus dor) 1794. Warschau. Sehr selten. Gutes sehr schön. Leicht justiert. (kingdom of Poland, Stanislas August Poniatowski, 1764-1795, triple ducat of 1794, Warsaw mint. Very rare. Good very fine. Minor adjustment marks.)"
The kingdom of Poland, weakened by the devastation of the Great Northern War (1700-21), fell under the domination of her neighbors, Prussia, Russia and Austria. Stanislas Poniatowski, a former lover of Catherine the Great, was installed as her puppet king on the death of the Saxon August III. When he proved to be insufficiently pliant, the partitions began. In three slices, in 1772, 1793 and 1795, the entire state was devoured. Even then, Stanislaus could not rally the greedy and selfish Polish nobility to defend the country. This rare coin, a triple ducat, was accompanied by a 1½ ducat (KM 217). It is the last issue of independent Poland.

Recorded mintage: 5,286.

Specification: 10.5 g, .986 fine, this specimen 12.28 g.

Catalog reference: Kopicki 2541 (R3). Fr-98, KM 218.


  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • [1]Jürg Richter, Auction 38, Gold Coins and Medals, Zurich: Sincona AG, 2017.

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