Poland 1596-IF 3 groschen
"Polen, Sigismund III. 1587-1632. 3 Groschen 1596. Gekröntes, geharnischtes Brustbild nach rechts. Rv. Schrift und Wappen. Gutes sehr schön. (Poland, Sigismund III, 1587-1632, three groschen of 1596. Obverse: crowned, armored bust faces right; reverse: arms and script. Good Very fine.)"The second specimen was lot 22409 in Ponterio sale 169 (Baltimore, November 2012), where it sold for $2,667. The catalog description noted, "POLAND. 3 Groszy, 1596-IF HR. NGC AU-55. cf.Gum-1045, but date (96) on obverse and reverse. Dark toned. NGC AU-55."
The kingdom of Poland came under the rule of the king of Sweden, Sigismund III, in 1587. He converted to Roman Catholicism to accept the Polish crown, which caused the Swedish diet to depose him. He invaded Sweden in an attempt to reclaim his throne but was unsuccessful. The expenses of the war damaged and weakened the Polish monarchy, but the main source of Polish weakness was the greed and selfishness of the Polish nobility.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: silver; the first specimen 2,32 g.
Catalog reference: Gum. 1037.
- SINCONA AG, Munzen, Medaillen & Banknoten Auktion 1, Zurich, 2011.
- Ponterio, Richard, Ponterio sale 169: The November 2012 Baltimore Auction, Irvine, CA: Stack's Bowers, LLC, 2012.