Parma 1790-S 4 doppie Fr-928

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Stack's Bowers 2017 NYINC sale, lot 3091
photo courtesy Stack's Bowers LLC

This specimen was lot 3091 in Stack's Bowers NYINC sale (New York, January 2017), where it sold for $3,290. The catalog description[1] noted, "ITALY. Parma. 4 Doppie, 1790-S. Ferdinand I (1765-1802). NGC AU-50. A RARE multiple gold piece struck during the eighteenth century Bourbon rule of the Duchy. Struck on a well made flan which still shows some of its original luster among the outer legends and finer protected areas. Wear consistent with grade being mainly confined to the side curls and cheek of the bust and leaves on reverse." Duke Fernando was descended from Philip V of Spain and thru him Louis XIV of France. This type is listed in the SCWC for 1787-96. All the dates are rare. Doppia means "double," and this coin is roughly eight ducats. Six and eight doppia also exist but are very rare.

Recorded mintage: unknown but rare.

Specification: 28.56 g, .891 fine gold, .818 troy oz AGW.

Catalog reference: Fr-928; C-20a; MIR-1060/2; Mont-09.


  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • [1]Ponterio, Richard, The January 2017 NYINC Sale: Ancient Coins, World Coins & Paper Money, featuring the Richard Stuart Collection, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2016.

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