Parma 1695 doppia Fr-925

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Parma 1695 doppia obv Stacks 110-917.jpg
Parma 1695 doppia rev Stacks 110-917.jpg

This specimen was lot 917 in Stack's "Vermuele, Ward & Mexico Maxico" sale (New York, January 2010), where it did not sell. The catalog description[1] noted, "ITALIAN STATES. PARMA AND PIACENZA. Francesco Farnese I, 1694-1727. Doppia, 1695 GG. Undraped bust r. with flowing locks, 'GG' below bust point, legend FRANCISCVS FARNESIVS. Rv. Crowned Arms include the Ombrellino that recalls that a forebear of this ruling family reigned as Pope, and an escutcheon of Portugal recalls intermarriage with that country's royal family. The titles end with Parma and Piacenza Seventh Duke. This attractive coin represents the highly elusive final gold coinage of the long-reigning Farnese Dukes, who would be succeeded in 1748 by a branch of the Spanish Bourbons. Lightest circulation is seen along with much lustre. Extremely Fine." A doppia is normally two ducats.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 7.14 g, .891 fine gold, .205 troy oz AGW.

Catalog reference: Fr-925.


  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • [1]Kraljevich, John, and Frank Van Valen, The Vermuele, Ward & Mexico Maxico Collections, New York: Stack's, 2009.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.

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