Papal States 1835-R 20 baiocchi
This type is listed for 1835-46 and was struck in Rome (shown here) and Bologna. The early coinage of the Papal States used an antique monetary system. Five quattrini = one baiocco; 5 baiocchi = one baiocco; 6 grossi = 4 carlini = 3 paoli = 1 testone; 10 testone = 1 doppia; 100 baiocchi = 1 scudo. After 1832, all the medieval coins were dropped except for the baiocco and the scudo. This twenty baiocchi was a fifth of a scudo and was equivalent to a franc. It replaced the doppio giulio, last coined in 1823. In 1866, the currency was reformed to use centesimi and lire in order to match that of the surrounding kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Papal States were occupied and annexed by the kingdom of Italy and coinage ceased until 1929.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 5.37 g, .900 fine silver, .155 troy oz ASW.
Catalog reference: KM 1322, Ber-3288.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Gigante, Fabio, Gigante 2016: Catalogo Nazionale delle Monete Italiano Dal '700 All'Euro, 24a ed. Varese, Italy, 2015.
- Montenegro, Eupremio, Montenegro 2015: Manuale del Collezionista di Monete Italiane, 30 ed., Torino, Italy: Montenegro s.a.s., 2014.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.