Papal States 1834-R 50 baiocchi
"Gregorio XVI. 1831-1846 50 Baiocchi 1834. Rom Fast vorzüglich. (Papal States, Gregory XVI, 1831-46, fifty baiocchi of 1834, Rome mint. Choice extremely fine.)"This type is listed for 1835-46 and was struck in Rome (shown here) and Bologna. The early coinage of the Papal States used an antique monetary system. Five quattrini = one baiocco; 5 baiocchi = 1 grosso; 6 grossi = 4 carlini = 3 paoli = 1 testone; 10 testone = 1 doppia; 100 baiocchi = 1 scudo. After 1832, all the medieval coins were dropped except for the baiocco and the scudo. This fifty baiocchi was half a scudo and was equivalent to a half dollar. It was minted 1832 and 1834 and replaced the mezzo scudo, last coined in 1829. In 1866, the currency was reformed to use centesimi and lire in order to match that of the surrounding kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Papal States were occupied and annexed by the kingdom of Italy and coinage ceased until 1929.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 13.21 g, .917 fine silver, .389 troy oz ASW, this specimen 13.16 g.
Catalog reference: KM 1316, Berman 3275.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Gigante, Fabio, Gigante 2016: Catalogo Nazionale delle Monete Italiano Dal '700 All'Euro, 24a ed. Varese, Italy, 2015.
- Montenegro, Eupremio, Montenegro 2015: Manuale del Collezionista di Monete Italiane, 30 ed., Torino, Italy: Montenegro s.a.s., 2014.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Richter, Jürg, Ruedi Kunzmann and Arne Kirsch, Numismatic Coins & Medals, Auction 26, Zurich: SINCONA AG, 2015.