Papal States 1832-B 50 baiocchi

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from the Tom Fitzgerald Collection
Papal States KM-1316 rev Tom F.jpg
another specimen, from the Tom Fitzgerald Collection
note the reverse mount mark

This type is listed for 1832-34 and was struck in Rome and Bologna (shown here). The early coinage of the Papal States used an antique monetary system. Five quattrini = one baiocco; 5 baiocchi = 1 grosso; 6 grossi = 4 carlini = 3 paoli = 1 testone; 10 testone = 1 doppia; 100 baiocchi = 1 scudo. After 1832, all the medieval coins were dropped except for the baiocco and the scudo. This fifty baiocchi was half a scudo and was equivalent to a half dollar. It replaced the mezzo scudo, last coined in 1829. In 1835, the fineness was lowered to 900 thousandths and the weight increased to compensate and the reverse redesigned. In 1866, the currency was reformed to use centesimi and lire in order to match that of the surrounding kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Papal States were occupied and annexed by the kingdom of Italy and coinage ceased until 1929.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 13.21 g, .917 fine silver, .388 troy oz ASW.

Catalog reference: KM 1316, Ber-3275.

Source:

  • Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
  • Gigante, Fabio, Gigante 2016: Catalogo Nazionale delle Monete Italiano Dal '700 All'Euro, 24a ed. Varese, Italy, 2015.
  • Montenegro, Eupremio, Montenegro 2015: Manuale del Collezionista di Monete Italiane, 30 ed., Torino, Italy: Montenegro s.a.s., 2014.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.

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