Papal States 1831-R 1/2 baiocco
This specimen was lot 1322 in Stephen Album sale 32 (Santa Rosa, CA, September 2018), where it sold for $94. The catalog description noted, "PAPAL STATES: Gregorio XVI, 1831-1846, AE ½ baiocco, 1831-R, NGC graded MS63 BR." This type is listed for 1831-34 and was struck in Rome (shown here) and Bologna. It is among the common Papal copper coins of the nineteenth century but is not as often seen as the late type of 1835-45 (KM 1319). The early coinage of the Papal States used an antique monetary system. After 1830, five quattrini = one baiocco; 100 baiocchi = one scudo. In 1866, the currency was reformed to use centesimi and lire in order to match that of the surrounding kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the Papal States were occupied and annexed by the kingdom of Italy and coinage ceased until 1929.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: copper, 6 g, 23.5 mm diameter, plain edge.
Catalog reference: KM-1313, Gig-183, Ber-3279.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Gigante, Fabio, Gigante 2016: Catalogo Nazionale delle Monete Italiano Dal '700 All'Euro, 24a ed. Varese, Italy, 2015.
- Montenegro, Eupremio, Montenegro 2015: Manuale del Collezionista di Monete Italiane, 30 ed., Torino, Italy: Montenegro s.a.s., 2014.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Album, Stephen, Joseph Lang, Paul Montz, Michael Barry and Norman Douglas Nicol, Auction 32, featuring the Don Erickson Collection of German Coins, Part II and the Hazerfans Collection of Ottoman Empire Coins, Santa Rosa, CA: Stephen Album Rare Coins, Inc., 2018.