Papal States 1656 4 scudi d'oro Fr-362
This specimen was lot 30183 in Heritage sale 3029 (New York, January 2014), where it sold for $9,400. The catalog description noted, "Papal Rarity Papal States. Alessandro VII gold 4 Scudi d'oro 1656, Bologna mint, AU53 NGC. Obv. Papal coat of arms. Rev. Flowered cross with date 16-56 in angles. BP below for the engraver Provagli Bartholomew. Some remaining luster with a small reverse flan flaw. A very rare issue. Ex: 'Colonel' E.H.R. Green; Green Estate' Partnership of Eric P Newman/B.G. Johnson." This denomination was the largest gold coin issued by the pope during the seventeenth century. Called a quadrupla scudi d'oro, it was about 4% lighter than the gold four ducats. This type is listed for Bologna for 1655-61.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 13.44 g, .917 fine gold.
Catalog reference: Fr-362, Muntoni-51a, CNI-22, Nomisma-73/B (R2), Ber-1913.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Stuart Levine and Bruce Lorich, Heritage World and Ancient Coins Auction 3029, featuring Selections from the Eric P. Newman Collection, Part III, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.