Papal States (1492-1503) ducat Fr-330
"ITALY, Vatican - Church State, Alexander VI. 1492-1503 Ducato o. J. Bologna. Selten. Gutes sehr schön. Leicht gewellt. (Papal States, Alexander VI, 1492-1503, undated ducat, Bologna mint. Rare, Good very fine, Slightly wavy planchet.)"The second specimen was lot 625 in Sincona sale 46 (Zurich, May 2018), where it sold for 1,300 CHF (about US$1,560 including buyer's fees). The catalog description noted,
"ITALIEN, Vatikan - Kirchenstaat, Alexander VI. 1492-1503. Ducato o. J. Bologna. Sehr schön. Kleiner Schrötlingsfehler. (Papal States, Alexander VI, 1492-1503, undated ducat, Bologna mint. Very fine, Minor flan defect.)"The Bologna mint, tho nominally under Papal control, issued coinage of different designs, weight standards and denominations than the Rome mint. While Rome was issuing the fiorino di camera, Bologna was minting ducats. The second specimen features the arms of the Orsini on the reverse.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 3.5 g, .986 fine gold, the first specimen 3.40 g, the second specimen 3.41 g.
Catalog reference: Fr-330, Berman 545.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Richter, Jürg, Sincona sale 43, Gold and Silver Coins and Medals, Zurich: Sincona AG, 2017.
- Richter, Jürg, Auction 46, Gold Coins and Medals, Zurich: Sincona AG, 2018.