Papal States (1492-1503) 2 fiorini di camera Fr-30
The first specimen was lot 30173 in Heritage sale 3029 (New York, January 2014), where it sold for $14,100. The catalog description noted, "Seldom Found in Mint State Papal States. Alessandro (Alexander) VI Borgia 2 Fiorino di Camera ND (1492-1503), Rome mint, MS63 NGC. o ALEXANDER o | oVI o PONT o MAX o, Papal arms in quadrilobe / o SANCTVS .o. PETRVS .o. ALMA .o. ROMA o, St. Peter fishing from a boat. Fully lustrous and well-struck, with no flaws worth mention. Very scarce as a Select Mint State coin (as this example) and a stunning example of 500 year-old numismatic artistry. Alessandro Borgia was a prominent member of the decadent Borgia family, and the father of the infamous Lucrezia Borgia. The antics of the Borgia family, many true, some not, are legendary. Much of the dark part of Alessandro's reputation came from his enemies, but his successors in the Vatican described him as an outstanding Pope." We believe the fiorino (florin) to be the same denomination as the ducat or zecchino. Friedberg records the first fiorino from 1475 and the last from the reign of Paul III (1534-49).
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 6.78 g, .986 fine gold.
Catalog reference: Fr-30, Ber-527, Muntoni-4.
- Berman, Allen G., Papal Coins, South Salem, NY: Attic Books, 1991.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Stuart Levine and Bruce Lorich, Heritage World and Ancient Coins Auction 3029, featuring Selections from the Eric P. Newman Collection, Part III, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.