Orange 1649 ecu Dav-3844
"FRANCE, ORANGE, Guillaume IX de Nassau (1647-1650), AR écu, 1649, Droit : B. cuirassé à droite, les cheveux longs. Revers : Ecu couronné (trois lis sous le cornet). Ref.: Très Rare. Petit coup sur la tranche. Belle patine. Très Beau à Superbe " (France; Principality of Orange, William IX of Nassau (1647-50), silver écu of 1649. Obverse: cuirassed, long haired bust to right; reverse: crowned arms (three fleurs-de-lys differenced with a coronet). Very rare, small edge nick, nice patina, Very Fine to Extremely Fine.)
The Principality of Orange was an enclave in the kingdom of France in the Rhone valley, ruled by the dukes of Nassau. The title passed to the Stadtholder of the Netherlands who remained a French ally so long as the Dutch were struggling with the Spanish. At the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648, the Spanish recognized Dutch independence and now William had to contend with Louis XIV, a much more formidable adversary. The French occupied Orange in 1672 and annexed it in 1713. This example of this rare type is distinctly nicer than the plate coin in the SCWC. It is obviously inspired by the contemporary French écu. The coinage ended in 1667.
Reported Mintage: unknown.
Specification: silver, this specimen 27,02 g.
Catalog reference: KM 98, B., 1009; P.A., 4626 var; van der Wiel, 68; Dav-3844.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
- Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1600-1700, Galesburg, IL, 1974.
- Elsen, Philippe, et al., Vente Publique 108, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils, S.A., 2011.