Netherlands 1809 ducat Fr-323
This specimen was lot 4240 in Goldberg sale 69 (Los Angeles, May, 2012), where it sold for $1,437.50. The catalog description  noted, "Netherlands. Ducat, 1809 (Holland). Louis Napoleon. Head left. Reverse: Knight standing. Nice original mint luster. NGC graded MS-61." Louis Napoleon was briefly the ruler of the Kingdom of Holland 1806-10. When he showed signs of independent thinking, his brother Napoleon evicted him and annexed the kingdom to the empire of France. This type is joined by another ducat with a shield reverse (Fr-322).
Recorded mintage: 2,370,620 for this type and KM 38.
Specification: 3.43 g, .983 fine gold, .108 troy oz AGW.
Catalog reference: Fr-323; KM-35, Sch-130.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Peters, T., J. Scheper and J. Mevius, Muntalmanak 2014, 31e editie, Amsterdam: Nederlandse vereniging van munthandelaren, 2013.
- Goldberg, Ira, Larry Goldberg, Stephen Harvey and Paul Rynearson, Goldberg sale 69: the Pre-Long Beach Auction, Ancient and World Coins, Los Angeles: Goldberg Coins and Collectibles, 2012.