Mexico 1680-MXo L 4 escudos

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Heritage sale 3064, lot 31316
Mexico H3064-31316r.jpg

This specimen was lot 31316 in Heritage sale 3064 (Chicago, April 2018), where it sold for $84,000. The catalog description[1] noted, "The Earliest Known 4 Escudos of Mexico. The Calico Plate Coin. Charles II gold Cob 4 Escudos 1680 MXo-L VF30 NGC, Mexico City mint. Well-centered on both sides, displaying a clear 'MXo' mintmark and 'L' assayer initial as well as a fully legible denomination, displayed as 'IIIII' (the denomination reading 5 instead of 4 appears to be an error in the die and not the result of doubling, but more die study is needed to be definitive), and 'II' ordinal of Charles II. Most importantly, all four digits of the date, the earliest known for any Mexican gold coin other than the unique 1679 escudo, remain sharp and well-formed. Even wear determines the grade, with some reddish-brown debris within portions of the design recesses. Rare as a date, but extremely rare in this state, and possibly unique with a full date. One of the rarest types in the Mexican colonial gold series and of great historical importance as item of immense desirability. Selections from the Isaac Rudman Numismatic Cabinet." All Mexican colonial gold may be considered scarce. This type is listed for 1679-1701. Most specimens lack dates.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 13.54 g, .917 fine gold, .399 troy oz AGW, this specimen 26.2 mm diameter, 13.4 g.

Catalog reference: Fr-3; KM 54, Cal-101, Cayón-unlisted.


  • Cayón, Adolfo, Clemente Cayón and Juan Cayón, Las Monedas Españolas, del Tremis al Euro: del 411 a Nuestros Dias, 2 volumes, Madrid: Cayón-Jano S.L., 2005.
  • Calicó, Xavier, Numismática Española: Catálogo General con Precios de Todas las Monedas Españolas Acuñadas desde Los Reyes Católicos Hasta Juan Carlos I, 1474 a 2001, Barcelona: Aureo & Calicó, 2008.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • Krause, Chester L., and Colin R. Bruce II, Standard Catalog of World Coins: Spain, Portugal and the New World, Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2002.
  • [1]Cristiano Bierrenbach and Warren Tucker, Heritage World Coin Auction 3064, featuring the Doug Robins Collection of Canadian Tokens, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2018.

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