Kutch AH 1234 / VS 1881 1 kori

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IND-KUTCH 1881VS 1kori-obv.JPG
IND-KUTCH 1881VS 1kori-rev.JPG

The Indian Princely State of Kutch is located in a flat expanse of salt marshlands on the western border of India along the Arabian Sea. To the west is the Pakistani province of Sind. Though Kutch never could support a large population nor was endowed with natural resources, it remained a power due to its navy and notoriety as a transport hub for pilgrimage to Mecca. Partly due to its geographic isolation, Kutch was able to maintain a unique coinage system from its beginnings through to independence from the British in 1947. The first Kutch coins were modelled after those of Nawanagar, from which Kutch officially gained its autonomy in 1617 AD. This was also the year that Kutch obtained the rights to produce coinage in the name of its own rulers.

Shown is a one kori from the rule of Desalji II (1818-1860 AD). It has a 'frozen date' of AH 1234 (about 1818 AD), and is also dated by the Samvat Era (VS), which is 57 years ahead of the Christian year (1825 AD). The frozen date is the ascension year of Desalji II.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specifications: silver, 4.6-4.7 g.

Catalog reference: KM 53, Craig 53.

Sources:

  • Bright, Richard, The Coinage of Kutch, Dallas, TX: Numismatics International, 1975.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.

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