Goa 1777 12 xerafins Fr-1479
This specimen was lot 3037 in Stack's Bowers NYINC sale (New York, January 2017), where it sold for $1,880. The catalog description noted, "INDIA. Portuguese India. Goa. 12 Xerafins, 1777. Jose I (1750-77). NGC AU Details--Rim Filing. RARE colonial gold issue. Variety with denomination written out in reverse legend, most of which is present and legible. Typical crude strike and manufacture but quite pleasing with nearly complete shield and cross with three digits of date visible. The noted rim filing is barely detectable and detracts little from the overall appeal. Free of any major contact marks and with nice light toning and considerable remaining glittering luster." The Portuguese were the first European power to make direct contact with India. They concentrated on trade but were not above piracy or political meddling if the opportunity arose. They conquered or dominated a good part of India in the sixteenth century but gradually had to yield to others, especially the British. By 1777, Portuguese holdings were limited to Diu, Damao and Goa. Each had a mint which struck hammered coinage until the 1860's. This scarce type, which is not catalogued above VF, is noted for 1775-80. In 1871, a new series of milled coinage, struck by the British for the Portuguese, was introduced.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 4.74-4.91 g, gold, 20 mm diameter.
Catalog reference: Fr-1479; KM-164; Gomes-69.03.
- Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Alberto Gomes and Francisco Antonio Magro, Moedas Portuguesas e do Território Que Hoje é Portugal: Catálogo das Moedas Cunhadas para o Continentes e Ilhas Adjacentes, para os Territórios do Ultramar e Grão-Mestres Portugueses da Ordem de Malta, 6ª Edição, Lisbon: Associação Numismática de Portugal, 2013.
- Ponterio, Richard, The January 2017 NYINC Sale: Ancient Coins, World Coins & Paper Money, featuring the Richard Stuart Collection, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2016.