Gelderland (1555-58) real d'or Fr-75
This specimen was lot 3234 in Stack's Bowers NYINC sale (New York, January 2017), where it sold for $2,232.50. The catalog description noted, "NETHERLANDS. Gelderland. Real d'Or, ND (ca. 1555-58). Philip II of Spain (1555-76). PCGS AU-58 Secure Holder. Variety with English title in obverse legend from his short lived marriage to the late Mary I of England. A nice example of this SCARCE issue with a good strike showing only one touch of weakness in front of Philip's nose and no doubling. Yellow gold coloring with plenty of remaining luster." Gelderland, originally part of the Burgundian inheritance, fell to the Hapsburgs on the death of the last duke of Burgundy in 1477. On the emperor Charles's abdication in 1555, the Hapsburg inheritance was divided between the Austrian and Spanish branches, and the Netherlands passed to Philip II, a dour and unbending Catholic. His attempts to extirpate heresy caused the northern provinces to rise in revolt and, after many years of struggle, secure their independence as the United Provinces. The southern provinces, including Brabant, remained Catholic and loyal to king Philip. The type is known with and without "ANG REX" in the obverse legend, marking the king's brief marriage to Mary of England. The Gelderland is now in the heart of the Netherlands.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Catalog reference: Fr-75; Delm-626.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Delmonte, A., Le Bénélux D'or, Amsterdam: Jacques Schulman N.V., 1964, with supplements to 1977.
- van der Wis, Jan, and Tom Passon, Catalogus van de Nederlandse Munten geslagen sind bet aantreden van Philips II tot aan het einde van de Bataafse Republiek (1555-1806), 2nd ed., Apeldoorn, Netherlands: Omni-Trading b.v., 2009.
- Ponterio, Richard, The January 2017 NYINC Sale: Ancient Coins, World Coins & Paper Money, featuring the Richard Stuart Collection, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2016.