France L'AN 11-Q 5 francs
This specimen was lot 30500 in Heritage sale 3029 (New York, January 2014), where it sold for $5,434.38. The catalog description noted, "Republic 5 Francs L'AN 11 (1802-3)-Q, Perpignan mint, MS63 NGC. The final year of issue for this First Republic "Hercules" type with the present example exhibiting shimmering luster beneath a rich layer of blended gold patina on the obverse and a sporadically toned reverse with lightly toned centers and darker edges. A date that is very seldom encountered at the Mint State level." This type was struck during the Consulate (1799-1804) and was meant to replace the écu of the ancien régime after the execution of king Louis XVI. The Gregorian calendar was replaced by the French revolutionary calendar. This "Hercules" type was struck until year 11 (1802-03) from numerous mints, tho only Paris is known for year 4. Le Franc has reanalyzed the type, assigning it catalog numbers 287 thru 300, depending on the position of the obverse legend ("UNION ET FORCE"), the details of the oak wreath on the reverse and so forth. As each die was hand made, the varieties are as numerous as those of United States bust half dollars or early large cents. Overdates and repunched mintmarks and privy marks are common. The type was produced in the millions and is not rare in low grades but the price ascends rapidly with grade.
Recorded mintage: 360,106 (a better date).
Specification: 25 g, .900 fine silver, edge lettered GARANTIE NATIONALE, designed by Augustin Dupré (1748-1833).
Catalog reference: Dav-81, F.287/77; KM 639.8, Gad-563a.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2012.
- Prieur, Michel, and Laurent Schmitt, Le Franc 10: Les Monnaies, Paris: Éditions les Chevau-légers, 2014.
- Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Stuart Levine and Bruce Lorich, Heritage World and Ancient Coins Auction 3029, featuring Selections from the Eric P. Newman Collection, Part III, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.