France L'AN4-D decime
This specimen was lot 319 in Classical Numismatic Group's sale of the Lissner Collection (Chicago, August 2014), where it sold for $2,057. The catalog description noted, "FRANCE, Premier République. Directoire. 1795-1799. CU Décime. Lyon mint; différents: Artemis and dog. Augustin Dupré, engraver general. Citoyen Papet, director. Dated L’An 4 D (AD 1795/6). Small size. In NGC encapsulation graded MS 62 BN. Deep brown patina. Very scarce and highest ever graded. Purchased from M. Louis Teller, June 1975." The numismatics of the bronze coinage of the First Republic of France is complex. For the five centimes, the first issue (An 4-5) was 5 g, 23 mm diameter and was immediately rejected by the populace along with the 10 g décime (10 centimes) and the 20 g double décime (20 centimes). During An 5, the government tried again with larger coins, increasing the 5 centimes to 10 g and the décime to 20 g and abandoning the double décime. The revised types met with some success and they were issued in substantial numbers until An 9. Leftover stocks of light weight décimes were overstruck into five centimes and double décimes converted into décimes. In all, about 114 million were produced for the type. They circulated until the 1850's and today few are found in Very Fine or better. This date is now scarce as most were restruck into five centimes.
Recorded mintage: 254,940.
Specification: bronze, 10 g, 28 mm diameter, "chevronned" edge, designed by Augustin Dupré (1748-1833). This specimen is Ø28 mm, 10.45 g, 6h axis.
Catalog reference: VG 184; KM 636.2, F.126/2.
- Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
- Prieur, Michel, and Laurent Schmitt, Le Franc 10: Les Monnaies. Paris: Éditions les Chevau-légers, 2014.
- Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Françaises, 1789-2011, 20me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2011.
- Teller, M. Louis, and Victor England, Jr., The Richard Lissner Collection, Lancaster, PA: Classical Numismatic Group, 2014.