France 1852-A 20 francs
This issue, from the Paris mint, is the only date of its type, struck during Louis Napoleon Bonaparte's short tenure as president of the Second Republic. It is, however, quite common, though the specimen shown at top, from the Alain Davis collection, is a rare proof. At the end of 1852, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d'etat and declared himself emperor Napoleon III (1853-70).
All gold 20 francs were officially recalled in 1928 but effectively ceased to circulate during World War I.
Specification: 21 mm diameter, 6.45 grams, .900 fine gold, edge lettered DIEU PROTEGE LA FRANCE. Designed by August François Michaud, 1786-1879.
Recorded Mintage: 9,857,428.
Catalog reference: Fr-568, Gad-1060, KM 774, F.530/1.
- Michael, Thomas, and Tracy L. Schmidt, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900, 9th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2019.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 9th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2017.
- Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Françaises, 1789-2011, 20me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2011.
- Prieur, Michel, and Laurent Schmitt, Le Franc 10: Les Monnaies, Paris: Éditions les Chevau-légers, 2014.