France 1777-M ecu

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Heritage sale 3029, lot 31264
France 1777M ecu rev H3029-31264.jpg

This specimen was lot 31264 in Heritage sale 3029 (New York, January 2014), where it sold for $1,292.50. The catalog description[1] noted, "Louis XVI Ecu 1777-M, AU58 NGC. Lightly toned and well-struck for the issue with shimmering underlying surfaces." This coin, called a écu au buste habillé, was the French equivalent of a dollar. It is one of a type struck at Bayonne 1775-91. Its divisions were the ½, 1/5, 1/10 and 1/20 écu, struck in modest quantities. The écu was worth $1.10 in the USA before the Civil War. The écu au buste habillé is the most popular coin of Louis XVI among collectors.

Recorded mintage: 354,627 (a rather common date).

Specification: 29.49 g, .917 fine silver, 39-42 mm diameter, lettered edge.

Catalog reference: Gad-356, Dr/4 no. 883, Dr/2 no. 616, KM 564.10, Dav-1333.


  • Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1700-1800, 2nd Ed., London: Spink & Son, 1964.
  • [1]Bierrenbach, Cristiano, Stuart Levine and Bruce Lorich, Heritage World and Ancient Coins Auction 3029, featuring Selections from the Eric P. Newman Collection, Part III, Dallas, TX: Heritage Auction Galleries, 2013.

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