France 1763-L ecu

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Jean Elsen list 269, lot 904
France JElsen 269-904r.jpg
This specimen was lot 904 in Jean Elsen list 269 (Brussels, July-August 2014), where it was offered for €75 (about US$102). The catalog description[1] noted,
"FRANCE, Royaume, Louis XV (1715-1774), AR écu au bandeau, 1763 L, Bayonne. Droit: Tête à gauche, ceinte d'un bandeau. Revers: Ecu de France couronné, entre deux rameaux d'olivier. 63 sur 62. Nettoyé. Traces d'ajustage. Très Beau (kingdom of France, Louis XV, 1715-74, silver écu of the ribbon of 1763, Bayonne mint. Obverse: head to left, hair tied in a ribbon; reverse: crowmed arms of France between two olive branches. Overdate 1763/62, cleaned, light adjustment marks, very fine.)"
The long reign of Louis XV (1715-74) saw many coin types come and go. The first part of the reign, while Louis was a child, was a period of monetary confusion and manipulation. The reforms of Cardinal Fleury (1726) stabilized the fiscal situation until the total collapse at the eve of the Revolution. Numismatically, this period can be divided into three epochs, marked by the écu aux branches d’olivier (1726-40), the écu au bandeau (1740-72) and the écu à la vielle tête (1770-74).

Recorded mintage: unknown but a common date.

Specification:

  • Obverse: LUD.XV.D.G.FR ET NAV. REX. (for Pau, NA.RE. BD), king’s head left, hair tied with a ribbon;
  • reverse: SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTUM (date), oval shield of France, crowned, between two olive branches tied with ribbon, mintmark below; edge lettered DOMINE SALVUM FAC REGEM.
  • composition: silver, 11 deniers (.917 fine), 8.3 pieces to the mark (29.488 g), face value 6 livres, 39 mm diameter. Engraved by Joseph-Charles Roéttiers, this specimen 28,97 g.

Catalog reference: Dupl., 1680, Dav-1331, Dr/4 no. 820, Dr/2 no. 584, KM 512.14, Gad-322.

Sources:

  • Alhéritière, Edouard, and Ludovic Deswelle, "Les écus de Louis XV de bandeau: point de situation," Numismatique et Change, No. 349 [Mai 2004], pp. 61-63.
  • Clairand, Armand, Monnaies de Louis XV, Le temps de la Stabilité Monetaire, 1726-1774, Paris: Maison Platt, 1996.
  • Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1700-1800, 2nd Ed., London: Spink & Son, 1964.
  • [1]Elsen, Philippe, et al., Liste 269: Juillet-Septembre 2014, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils, S.A., 2014.

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