France 1757-Pau ecu

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from the Mountain Groan Collection
France 1757Pau ecu rev DSLR.jpg

This specimen of the écu au bandeau is from the Pau mint. Pau, high up in the Pyrenees, was a backwoods town but in this period was becoming an important stop in the French-Spanish trade. Many Spanish and Spanish American coins disappeared into the mint's furnaces, to be reborn as French écus au bandeau, hence this mintmark is common.

Recorded mintage: 405,045 (better than common but not rare).

Specification:

  • Obverse: LUD.XV.D.G.FR ET NA.RE. BD, king’s head left, hair tied with a ribbon;
  • reverse: SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTUM (date), oval shield of France, crowned, between two olive branches tied with ribbon, mintmark below; edge lettered DOMINE SALVUM FAC REGEM.
  • composition: silver, 11 deniers (.917 fine), 8.3 pieces to the mark (29.488 g), face value 6 livres, 39 mm diameter. Engraved by Joseph-Charles Roéttiers.

Catalog reference: Dr/4 no. 820a, Dr/2 no. 584a, KM 518, Dav-A1331.

Sources:

  • Alhéritière, Edouard, and Ludovic Deswelle, "Les écus de Louis XV de bandeau: point de situation," Numismatique et Change, No. 349 [Mai 2004], pp. 61-63.
  • Clairand, Armand, Monnaies de Louis XV, Le temps de la Stabilité Monetaire, 1726-1774, Paris: Maison Platt, 1996.
  • Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1700-1800, 2nd Ed., London: Spink & Son, 1964.

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