France 1711-D ecu

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Stack's Bowers November 2015, lot 39116
France SB1115-39116r.jpg

This specimen was lot 39116 in Stack's Bowers Winter sale (Baltimore, November 2015), where it sold for $2,467.50. The catalog description[2] noted, "FRANCE. Ecu, 1711-D. Lyon Mint. Louis XIV (1643-1715). NGC MS-63. The only mint state example seen by either PCGS or NGC. From late in his reign, a wonderful crown-size Ecu featuring the last Sun King portrait to grace the coinage of France. A very attractive 3-Crowns reverse type with fleur-de-lis within the angles. Mintage of 815,990 pieces with (according to Droulers) a significant portion of the specie coming from Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, who was in exile at the time while supporting France during the War of Spanish Succession. His allegiance was rewarded a few years later in 1713 at the Treaty of Utrecht when his French Allies ceded Luxembourg and Namur to him while restoring him to the Bavarian thrown. Light even tone with significant underlying luster powering through to the surface. A coin without equals, the expressive details of the portrait and sharp reverse imagery produce a coin worthy of the most sophisticated assemblage of French 18th century coinage. If this sounds like your collection, you will be well advised to enter a strong bid for this piece." Shown is a écu aux trois couronnes ("écu with three crowns") struck at the La Rochelle mint in the last years of Louis XIV's reign. This is last type of écu struck in France during the Sun King's life. The type was struck 1709-15 in substantial numbers. There are also 1/10, 1/4 and half écus struck during this period with this design. This date is slightly scarce; Droulers[1] prices it about 30% higher than the common date (1713-A or 1715-A).

Recorded mintage: 815,990[1].

Specification: 30.59 g, .917 fine silver, 39-41 mm diameter, edge lettered DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM, designed by Norbert Roëttiers.

Catalog reference: Gad-229, KM 386.4, Dav-1324, Dr/4 no. 524, Dr/2 no. 450.


  • [1]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Royales Françaises, 1610-1792, 4me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2012.
  • Michael, Thomas, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800, 7th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2016.
  • Davenport, John S., European Crowns, 1700-1800, 2nd Ed., London: Spink & Son, 1964.
  • [2]Ponterio, Richard, and Todd McKenna, The November 2015 Baltimore Auction, World Coins and Paper Money, featuring the Ray Czabor Collection and selections from the Strong Museum, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2015.

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