France 1690-9 louis d'or

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Sincona sale 63, lot 786. Note the upside down mintmark.
This specimen was lot 786 in Sincona sale 63 (Zurich, June 2020), where it sold for 1,000 CHF (about US$1,253 including buyer's fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"Frankreich, konigreich, Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Louis d'or à l'écu 1690 "9", Rennes. Münzstättenzeichen auf dem Kopf stehend. Sehr selten. Gutes sehr schön. Leicht berieben. (kingdom of France, Louis XIV, 1643-1715, gold louis of the shield of 1690, Rennes mint. Very rare, Good very fine, Slightly polished.)"
This louis d'or à l'écu was struck 1690-93. This type is usually found struck over older coins, a process involving all French silver and gold coinage during 1690-1709. These "reformations" were the result of financial manipulations too tedious to discuss here. The louis d'or à l'écu was succeeded by the louis d'or aux 4 L struck 1693-1700. Both these types are the first somewhat common gold coins since the 1640's but all are expensive relative to the silver écus. Droulers[2] catalogs this date as common.

Recorded mintage: 10,114 fn + 190,000 rf[2].

Specification: 6.75 g, .917 fine gold, reeded edge, 24-26 mm diameter, designed by Joseph Roëttiers, this specimen 6.40 g.

Catalog reference: Dupl-1435A; Gad-250; Fr-429, KM 278.7, Dr/4 no. 406, Dr/2 no. 258.


  • [2]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
  • Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Royales Françaises, 1610-1792, 4me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2012.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • [1]Richter, Jurg, Sincona sale 63: Gold and Silver Coins and Medals, SINCONA Bullion Auction, Zurich: SINCONA AG, 2020

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