France 1656-D liard

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Jean Elsen sale 121, lot 1155
France 1656D liard rev JElsen 121-1155.jpg
This specimen was lot 1155 in Jean Elsen sale 121 (Brussels, June 2014), where it sold for €550 (about US$881 including buyers' fees). The catalog description[1] noted,
"FRANCE, Royaume, Louis XIV (1643-1715), Cu liard de France, 1656 D, Vimy. Avec double grènetis. Droit: B. juvénile couronné à droite. Revers: Valeur en trois lignes au-dessus du différent entre trois lis. Rare. Petit défaut de flan sur la tranche. Très Beau. (kingdom of France, Louis XIV (1643-1715), copper liard of France of 1656, Vimy mint, with double row of denticles. Obverse: crowned juvenile bust to right; reverse: value in three lines, mintmark below with three fleur-de-lys. Rare, planchet flaw, very fine.)"
The specimen shown is a liard de France au buste adolescent struck at Vimy (not Lyon, the normal user of this mintmark) during the reign of Louis XIV. The type was issued 1655-58 in enormous numbers and is common. The type was farmed out to a private contractor who proceeded to cheat on the weight and issue more than allowed by the contract. To get this coin to circulate, the face value was reduced from three deniers to two deniers in 1658 and later to 1½ deniers.

Recorded mintage: 11,861,888 (common). The variety with the double row of denticles (shown here) is rare.[1].

Specification: 4.08 g, copper, 22-23 mm diameter, plain edge, designed by Jean Warin, this specimen 5,05 g.

Catalog reference: Dupl., 1588A; Gad-80, Dr/4 no. 784, Dr/2 no. 479, KM 192.


  • [1]Elsen, Philippe, et al., Vente Publique 121, Brussels: Jean Elsen et ses Fils S.A., 2014.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Royales Françaises, 1610-1792, 4me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2012.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.

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