France 1638-Chappes double tournois

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Jean Elsen sale 105, lot 722
France 1638 2 tournois rev JElsen 105-722.jpg
The specimen shown is a double tournois of Louis XIII (r. 1610-43) struck by the hammer in 1638. This specimen was lot 722 in Jean Elsen sale 105 (Brussels, June 2010), where it sold for 130 euro. The catalog description[1] noted,
"FRANCE ROYALE, Louis XIII (1610-1643), Cu double tournois, 1638, Chappes (?). Différent: rose. Flan lourd. Droit: B. à droite, l, drapé et cuirassé à l'antique. Revers: Trois lis dans le champ. Très Rare. Beau à Très Beau" (France, Louis XIII, copper double tournois, 1638, Chappes mint with rose mintmark. Heavy planchet. Obverse: bust facing right, wearing toga and Roman armor. Reverse: three fleurs-de-lys in the field. Very rare, Fine to Very Fine.)
These coins were produced by private contractors in large quantities at a profusion of mints and in many varieties until the 1640's. The issues of Henry IV were reasonable compared to those of the regency of Louis XIII, when the queen-mother sold production contracts to many of her supporters. Droulers[2] estimates 600 million double tournois were struck. The Chappes mint, in Champagne, seems to have been one of those private mints. Gadoury attributes this mintmark to Troyes, also in Champagne. It struck double tournois in 1637-38 only and its products are today scarce[2]. The face value was two deniers.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: copper, 3.1 g, plain edge; this specimen 5.48 g.

Catalog reference: Dupl.-1373; Dr/2 no. 162, Dr/4 no. 218, Gad-11.


  • [1]Elsen, Philippe, Vente publique 105, Brussels: Jean Elsen, 2010.
  • [2]Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.

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