France 1616-A double tournois
These coins, called double tournois au grande buste enfantin et col plat, were produced by private contractors in large quantities at a profusion of French mints and in many varieties until the 1640's. Droulers, who estimates that 600 million pieces were made, assigns 91 catalogue numbers to the double tournois of Louis XIII. The issues of Henry IV were reasonable compared to those of the regency of Louis XIII, when the queen-mother sold production contracts to many of her supporters. The face value was two deniers.
Recorded mintage: 1,222,560.
Specification: 3.13 g, pure copper, 20 mm diameter, designed by Pierre Regnier.
Catalog reference: Dr/2 no. 140, Dr/4 no. 114, Gad-5.
- Droulers, Frédéric, Répertoire General des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI (1610-1792), 4e édition. Paris: AFPN, 2009.
- Cuhaj, George S., and Thomas Michael, Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700, 6th ed., Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2014.
- Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
- Gadoury, Victor, Monnaies Royales Françaises, 1610-1792, 4me éd., Monaco: Éditions Victor Gadoury, 2012.