France 1593-B ecu d'or
"Frankreich, Charles X. 1589-1598. Ecu dor au soleil 1593, Rouen. Sehr schön. Leichte Fassungsspuren. (kingdom of France, pretender Charles X, 1589-98, écu d'or of the sunburst of 1593, Rouen mint. Very fine, Minor traces of mounting.)"Charles X was actually the pretender put up by the Catholic League in opposition to Henry IV, who had converted from Protestantism. This Cardinal never ruled France as he was a prisoner of Henry IV.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 3.37 g, .958 fine gold, this specimen 3.36 g.
Catalog reference: Duplessy 1172, Fr-389.
- Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome II, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Richter, Jürg, Auction 46, Gold Coins and Medals, Zurich: Sincona AG, 2018.