France (1450) ecu d'or Fr-307

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from the Stack's Bowers 2018 NYINC sale, lot 20165
France SB118-20165r.jpg
This specimen was lot 20165 in Stack's Bowers 2018 NYINC sale (New York, January 2018), where it sold for $3,000. The catalog description[1] noted,
"FRANCE. Ecu d'Or, ND. Paris Mint. Charles VII (1422-61). NGC MS-61. Fr-309; Dupl-516; Ci-646. "écu d'or au briquet, troisiéme type", struck at the Paris mint (dot under the 18th letter) ca. 1436-61. VERY SCARCE type. Well struck on a nice round planchet with nearly full rims and no doubling. A few tiny unobtrusive planchet defects on the reverse which do little to detract from the overall attractiveness of this coin. Soft satin luster with quite good eye appeal."
We believe that the cataloguers and NGC misattributed this specimen. It is not an écu d'or au briquet, which has the reverse legend punctuated by stars and a jewel or crown at the center of the reverse, but an écu d'or à la couronne of the sixth emission, where the reverse legend is punctuated by lozenges and a quadrilobe at the center of the reverse. Duplessy notes this coin had a face value of 27 sols, 6 deniers tournois at the time of issue. Six emissions are recorded for this type:
  • 1st emission (January 1436): 3.49 g, 1.000 fine gold, value 25 sols;
  • 2nd emission (August 1445): 3.47 g, .989 fine gold;
  • 3rd emission (January 1447): 3.47 g, .979 fine gold, value raised to 27 sols, 6 deniers;
  • 4th emission (May 1447): 3.47 g, .989 fine gold;
  • 5th emission (January 1448): 3.47 g, .979 fine gold;
  • 6th emission (May 1450, shown here): 3.47 g, .963 fine gold.

Recorded mintage: unknown.

Specification: 3.47 g, .963 fine gold.

Catalog reference: Fr-307; Dupl-511E, Ciani-637.

Source:

  • Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome I, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
  • Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
  • [1]Ponterio, Richard, Kyle Ponterio, John Kraljevich and Cris Chatigny, The January 2018 NYINC Sale: Ancient Coins, World Coins & Paper Money, featuring the Eldorado Collection of Colombian and Ecuadorian Coins, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2017.

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