France (1337) ecu d'or Fr-270
This specimen was lot 20140 in Stack's Bowers 2018 NYINC sale (New York, January 2018), where it sold for $2,040. The catalog description noted, "FRANCE. Ecu d'Or, ND (ca. 1337). Philippe VI de Valois (1328-50). NGC MS-62. No detracting marks. A good strike without doubling or muddled devices, full legends on both sides. Nice creamy gold luster throughout." Duplessy notes that this coin endured multiple manipulations, today called "emissions". The first emission was Dupl-249 (Jan. 1337), 1.000 fine gold, 4.53 g, 20 sols tournois. The second emission was Dupl-249A (April 1343), where the value was lowered to 16 sols, 8 deniers tournois. The third emission was Dupl-249B (Jan. 1348), which raised the value to 18 sols, 8 deniers tournois. The fourth emission was Dupl-249C (Aug. 1348), when the value was raised again to 20 sols tournois. The fifth and final emission was Dupl-249D (March 1349), where the specification was changed to .916 fine gold, 4.53 g, and the value raised once again to 25 sols. Other gold coins listed for Philip VI include parisis d'or (25 sols), lion d'or (25 sols), pavillion d'or (25 sols), chaise d'or (16 to 20 sols), royal d'or (25 sols), ange d'or (75 sols) and couronne d'or (40 sols). Only the écu d'or is reasonably common.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 1.000 fine gold, 4.53 g.
Catalog reference: Fr-270; Dupl-249; Ciani-282.
- Duplessy, Jean, Les Monnaies Françaises Royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793), Tome I, 2e édition, Paris: Maison Platt, 1999.
- Friedberg, Arthur L. and Ira S. Friedberg, Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 7th ed., Clifton, NJ: Coin and Currency Institute, 2003.
- Ponterio, Richard, Kyle Ponterio, John Kraljevich and Cris Chatigny, The January 2018 NYINC Sale: Ancient Coins, World Coins & Paper Money, featuring the Eldorado Collection of Colombian and Ecuadorian Coins, Santa Ana, CA: Stack's Bowers LLC, 2017.