England (1544-47) groat
This specimen was lot 2969 in Goldberg sale 103 (Los Angeles, February 2018), where it sold for $141. The catalog description noted, "Great Britain. Groat, ND. Henry VIII, 1509-1547. Third coinage. Facing bust. Legends weakly struck. Toned. PCGS graded VF-20." The groat, or fourpence, was introduced in the late middle ages as increased commerce required a larger coin than the silver penny. It was gradually superseded in the seventeenth century by the sixpence but was struck until Victoria's reign and still appears in the Maundy sets. This is a product of the Tower Mint in London; other mints producing groats included Southwark (S.2371), Bristol (S.2372), Canterbury (S.2373) and York (S.2374). Debasement was rapid and severe in this period.
Recorded mintage: unknown.
Catalog reference: S.2369.
- Goldberg, Ira, Larry Goldberg, John Lavender, Yifu Che, Jason Villareal and Stephen Harvey, Goldberg Sale 103: the Pre-Long Beach Auction, Los Angeles: Goldberg Coins and Collectibles, 2018.
- Lobel, Richard, Mark Davidson, Allan Hailstone and Eleni Calligas, Coincraft's Standard Catalogue of English and UK Coins, 1066 to Date, London: Coincraft, 1995.
- Skingley, Philip, ed., Standard Catalogue of British Coins: Coins of England & the United Kingdom, 46th edition, London: Spink & Son, 2011.