Charlotte, North Carolina (1838–1861)
President Andrew Jackson, hero of the Battle of New Orleans, signed the bill authorizing the opening of an official branch of the Mint of the United States in 1835. On March 28, 1838, the Charlotte Mint struck the first gold coins bearing the now famous “C” mint mark as seen below.
The milling machines, rolling mills, and coin presses were state of the art. The historic $5 Liberty gold pieces were the first coins minted on the new presses. Later that year, the mint struck $2½ gold pieces. No coins larger than a $5 coin was ever minted in Charlotte. The first smaller-sized gold dollar coin was struck in 1849 at Charlotte. Smaller sized gold coins were preferred by the mining communities of this day. Most coins were exchanged immediately at banks, merchants and frontier trading posts. On the Southern Frontier, green back paper money was frowned upon and gold was the preferred medium of exchange.
The record for production was set in 1847 when 84,151 five-dollar gold pieces were coined. In 1861 only 6,879 half eagles were minted, the final year of operation. From an historic viewpoint, the gold coin totals issued by the Mint at Charlotte were quite low. Fewer still have survived from the Pre-Civil War Days till now. In fact, some dates are so rare that only a handful are certified and known to exist. As a result, these are some of the most highly sought after coins in the numismatic world today.
After Abraham Lincoln was elected President, North Carolina seceded from the Union in May of 1861. Interestingly enough, minting continued at the Charlotte Mint until it was halted forever in October of 1861. During the Civil War the building was turned into a Confederate headquarters and hospital. When the war was over, the Mint at Charlotte was never reopened as a United States Mint facility.
Charlotte Gold Coins Type Set - 8 Designs
- Type One Gold Dollar (1849-1853)
- Type Two Gold Dollar (1855 only)
- Type Three Gold Dollar (1857 and 1859)
- Classic Head Quarter Eagle (1838 and 1839)
- Liberty Head Quarter Eagle (1840-1860)
- Classic Head Half Eagle (1838 only)
- Liberty Head Half Eagle, Obverse Mintmark (1839 only)
- Liberty Head Half Eagle, Reverse Mintmark (1840-1861
Source: U.S. Mint